Sparkling_v2i4_October-December 2019
December 31, 2018
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March 31, 2019

Sparkling International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research Studies

(A Quarterly Peer Reviewed/Refereed Multidisciplinary Journal)

Volume 2 Issue 1 January - March 2019

NEURAL SUBLIME: A NEUROSCIENTIFIC READING OF JOHN KEATS’S “ODE TO PSYCHE” AND S.T. COLERIDGE’S “KUBLA KHAN”

Sruthi Mohan

Lecturer, BVM Holy Cross College, Cherpunkal, Kottayam, Kerala, India.

Abstract


Reconciling Arts and Science is bound to be formidable; romantic poetry and neuroscience will have to be yoked by the most extravagant violence if they are to be juxtaposed. Neuro-linguistics is a branch of linguistics which deals with the nexus between language and the structure and functioning of the brain. This study is thus partly an attempt to juxtapose the poetry of John Keats, the most sensuous of all Romantics, with anatomy and neuro-linguistics. At the risk of anachronism, it proposes to scrutinize Keats’s “Ode to Psyche” using the language of modern neuroscience, with an express aim to put it in a linguistic perspective, the intersection between literary Romanticism and human brain anatomy as it existed in the early nineteenth century. Setting aside the popular characterization of John Keats as a hopelessly melancholic young lover dreaming his way through medical lectures, for us he is a sophisticated thinker abreast with latest developments in the sciences as well as in literature, a brilliant medical aspirant who refused himself a degree, a “poet-physician” whose medical background left profound marks on his verse. Read along these lines, as will be illustrated in this scrutiny, one could consider “Ode to Psyche” as Keats’s tribute to Neuroscience. The poignant images that embellish the mindscape in the poem can be traced to exact aspects of the brain anatomy as Keats understood it. Samuel Taylor Coleridge is another stalwart of the Romantic era, whose poetry can be profitably explored along the same lines. His celebrated “Kubla Khan” is a poem that may be analysed and understood like “Ode to Psyche”. The dream element and fragmentary nature of the poem add to the possibility for exploring the mindscape. The poem also reminds us of the impact of opium, which has medicinal value, and at the same time, has the ability to spur on the imagination. The physician Keats and opium-addicted Coleridge share certain peculiar features which become central to the very connection between neuroscience and Romanticism. Moreover, the study offers a foray into the scientific ramifications as well as the creative romantic ideals in an unprecedented manner. The prevailing notions regarding the romantic conceptions are further subverted and many veiled relics of neuro-linguistics are excavated here.

Keywords


neuroscience, romantic poetry, neuro- linguistics, dream and psyche.

EVANGELIZATION OF THE JESUITS WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO ANTONIO CRIMINALI

Theeba A

Associate Professor of History, Rani Anna Government College for Women, Tirunelveli, Tamil Nadu, India

Abstract


Ignatius Loyola founded the Society of Jesus on 27th September 1540. The Jesuits were able to convert millions of people to Catholicism. Francis Xavier, Henrique Henriqus and many others spread Christianity in south India. Antonio Criminali was one such Jesuit who came to India to spread Catholicism. During the process of evangelization, he was murdered in a war near Vedhalai and his body was not found. He could be termed as a ‘Forsaken Jesuit’, because nothing was done to locate his remains or to pursue further research over the issue. This article analyses about the evangelization of Jesuits with special reference to Antonio Criminali.

Keywords


jesuits, criminali, evangelization, paravas, caraiyar, badagas, nayaks, portugese.

GENDER DISPARITIES IN THE IGBO CULTURE AS PORTRAYED IN NWAPA’S EFURU

Ashmi

Research Scholar, Bharthi Women’s College, University of Madras, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

Abstract


Gender disparity is a major issue that has been in effect for a very long time. It is even worse in a patriarchal society. Men are not the only beings who exploit women. Women do it to themselves. They become advocates to Patriarchy. Igbo culture is one of the foremost cultures which follows Patriarchy. Women in the culture are inferior to men by all means. The women are provided with various restrictions while the man in free from customs to a certain extent. Exploitation of women in the Igbo culture happens at various levels and existence of women is at times unknown. Existing in a society means he is part of the society. In a patriarchal this is often questioned as men dictate what is right and wrong, what should be done and what should not be done. Women are mere spectators in the drama hosted by the men where they have to perform certain roles and leave. Ngabe brings forth not only the treatment of women but also the existential crisis she undergoes through her novels. Though she gives her women a higher status, they are still a refugee to their men at some point of time.

Keywords


patriarchy, motherhood, gender, customs, barren, marriage.

INLAND FISHERIES AND ITS IMPACTS DURING LOURDHAMMAL SIMON’S PERIOD 1957-62

John Lings V

Assistant Professor, Ponjesly College of Education, Nagercoil, Kanyakumari District, Tamil Nadu, India.

Abstract


Maria Lourdhammal Simon, a woman of honour and respect. Her achievements in the Tamilnadu State on her respective department Fisheries are noticeable. Being a sincere minister, her vision was high and tremendous. One of her departments Fisheries had a well-equipped system of process which led for the greatest progress. To enhance the systems in to successful, numerous biological, technological stations had formed and researches had carried out. Research on various problems connected with the conservation, management, development, exploitation and utilization of the marine and inland fisheries resources were continued at these Biological and Technological Stations at Tuticorin, Krusadai Island, Cape Comorin, Ennore, Bhavanisagar and Adyar. Through these Biological and Technological stations, Lourdhammal Simon had formed a strong foundation for the development of fisheries in the state of Tamilnadu. This paper focuses on some Biological Stations which were developed during Lourdhammal Simon’s tenure.

Keywords


lourdhammal simon, fisheries department, biological stations, conservation, management, development, exploitation, utilization

A STUDY ON IMPROVEMENT OF LEARNING OUTCOMES THROUGH SMART VIRTUAL CLASSROOM AMONG TEACHER TRAINING STUDENTS OF NAGAPATTINAM DISTRICT

*Palanisamy C & **Sivakumar G

*Ph.D. Scholar, Alagappa University College of Education, Karaikudi. Tamil Nadu, India
**Assistant Professor, Alagappa University College of Education, Karaikudi, Tamil Nadu, India.

Abstract


A Smart virtual classroom is an online learning environment that contains all course materials of education. The conception of the smart virtual classroom has made it possible for students to tackle the features of the internet to create meaningful and constructivist learning environment of school education. Information and Communication Technology (ICT) is playing a vital role in teaching learning process of smart virtual classroom. It increases the flexibility of deliverance of education so that the learners can access knowledge at anytime and from anywhere. At the same time the students get knowledge or skills from some programs and assignment in the concept of learning outcomes.

Keywords


learning outcomes, smart virtual classroom, teacher training, students