EduSpark_v2i2_April-June 2020
June 30, 2020
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September 30, 2020

Sparkling International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research Studies

(A Quarterly Peer Reviewed/Refereed Multidisciplinary Journal)

Volume 3 Issue 2 April - June 2020


*Meenakshi Kaushik & **Neha Guleria

*Professor & Head of the department, School of Commerce and Management,  Lingayas University, Faridabad, Delhi NCR, India.

**Research Scholar, School of Commerce and Management, Lingayas University, Faridabad, Delhi NCR, India.


The period of COVID-19 brings some positivity in a few domains while some negativity in other domains of life of an employee. So, the present study is about employee relations and engagement which have affected by the COVID-19 period. The productivity of an employee lies in his/her happiness. A satisfied and happy employee opens the way of success to his/her organization. For this, healthy surroundings play an important role. Happy relations between employee and employer are key to increase the productivity and performance of both-employee and organization. But somehow, productivity and performance also linked to employee engagement. Employee engagement shows the passion and determination of an employee towards a particular job. The commitment and unrestricted efforts towards the achievement of organizational goals are all about employee engagement. But in the scenario of COVID-19 both the factors have suffered. If employee engagement has affected because of pandemic then it also has an impact on employee relations as there is poor communication or face-to-face interactions are missing. Maintaining a good rapport with employees by making excessive communication and interaction is the need of the hour by helping them not only in the technological domain but also in engaging and retaining them during this COVID-19 period.


COVID-19, employee relations, employee engagement, employer, productivity, performance.


Yasmin Chaudhuri

Assistant Professor & Head,  Department of English, Shahid Matangini Hazra Government College for Women, Kulberya, West Bengal, India.


Indian English poetry has risen above the hegemonic canonization of art and has embraced multiple concerns that touch the lives of the hitherto muted subalterns. By expressing the malaise that throngs the lives of the marginalised section of the Indian society, Indian English poetry by women has given voice to the voiceless. Dalit women’s writings bespeak of unchartered territories of caste-ridden violence, discrimination, and the burden of victim- blaming carried by every Dalit. Their writing impacts their very existence in the socio-cultural dynamics as it subtly marks their shift from a peripheral position to a central one. Dalit history is a history of torment and trauma, of agony and endless aching. It is herein that Meena Kandasamy, in keeping with the true spirit of the marginalised subaltern historian, critiques the homogenising propensity of the narrative of national history and thereby tries to advance an alternate version of history for the Dalits by reconstructing their past which remained always subdued. A voice of vehement dissent and resistance to marginalisation permeates her entire poetic oeuvre. This paper tries to underscore the poetics of protest and resistance as evinced in some of Meena Kandasamy’s poems.


marginalisation, caste, gender, meena kandasamy, protest, resistance.


Saurabh Singh

Junior Research Fellow, Department of Political Science, University of Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh, India.


This paper is not about the strength of India’s soft power but also analyzing how such a capacity is being transformed into capabilities and observes its practical implementation in Indian foreign policy. This paper leads to investigate the agenda-setting role of India’s soft power regarding its foreign policy. This paper has been undertaken in pursuit of the following objectives: to analyzing the evolution of power in Indian foreign policy and explain: the subsequent shift from soft power to hard power and smart power approaches; to evaluate the effectiveness of new strategies in foreign policy: and to examine limitations and suggest- ways flourishing of soft power.


soft power, india, foreign policy, diplomacy, south asia


SIBI, K., J.

Assistant Professor, Department of English, Shivprasad Sadanand Jaiswal College, Arjuni-Morgaon, Gondia, Maharashtra, India.


This research paper focuses on the role of ICT in developing English language skills among learners. In the era of high-speed internet, the English language is not far away from us. There are many ICT based tools available for learners. ICT world has provided a virtual environment in English for the learners. Teachers can exclusively show the videos which are related to the syllabi to the students. E-books and audiobooks are available freely in the world of the internet that can play a pivotal role in the development of English language skills. TED talk shows are available on YouTube, which will attract the English language learners. If the learners are watching the TED talk show continuously on the interesting topic, these will certainly have an impact on the overall development of the learners. English movies with subtitles can play a paramount role in creating an interest in the English language. Almost all people are interested in watching movies, these movies can generate interest among the younger generation. Every human being has the potential of understanding any new language when they put in the environment of a particular language. So ICT has provided a virtual environment of the English language for the learners in the modern period. The only thing, which is needed for the learners is a strong will power to learn through the continuous follow-up and practice.


english language skills, ICT, E-books, audiobooks, TED talk, english movies.


Prathisha M

Research Scholar, Department of English, Holy Cross College ( Autonomous), Nagercoil, Kanyakumari District, Tamil Nadu, India.


Christine Amsden is a blind American writer famous for science fiction stories. Though she is blind she has the power to sense the beauty of nature which induce her to protect the environment through her writing, on the other hand, she depicts the pathetic condition of the human beings who failed to concern the beauty of nature as if they are blind. The short story Gateway is about travel in starship Prelude, to create a new world. The only contact between the new world and the earth is through the portholes. Amsden has used the portholes as a symbol to expose the upcoming tragedy. The short story reveals the name of only three main characters, Estelle Stevenson the protagonist, and her parents Jerry and Emma Stevenson. Amsden also brings a nostalgic feeling to characters when their life is questioned. Loss of life, technological disaster, search for identity are some important themes in the short story. The paper is viewed in an ecological perspective which gives the warning to the people who goes behind technology without understanding its consequence. Further, this paper is about the preservation of our natural source instead of depending on the other new world.


ecology, technologic disaster, identity, nostalgic feeling, warning

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