Sparkling International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research Studies
December 31, 2018
Sparkling_v2i1_January-March 2019
March 31, 2019

Sparkling International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research Studies

(A Quarterly Peer Reviewed/Refereed Multidisciplinary Journal)

Volume 2 Issue 4 October - December 2019


Priyanka Gupta

Researcher, Deen Dayal Upadhyay Gorakhpur University, Gorakhpur, Uttar Pradesh, India.


This research paper aims to present a deeper insight into the birth, life and conditions that caused the transformation of the boy Naren as the World Guru Swami Vivekananda. It also aims to penetrate into his spiritual flights and his relationship with his mentor Sri Ramakrishna Paramhansa. This paper will also highlight the journey of Swami Vivekananda to the parliament of religions which changed the course of the fate of his mother land.


karma, wisdom, divine, fraternity, equality, potential, ultimate truth.


Priyanka Raj

Research Scholar, North Eastern Hill University, Shillong, Meghalaya, India.


The central concern of this paper is to trace the reasons for the endangerment of Romani and Irish language in Europe and to put in perspective the threat of language extinction. Knowing the fact that both the languages are dying or almost dead in the era of 21st century and have been listed under “definitely” endangered list by UNESCO and Endangered Language Alliance, it is of utmost importance to discuss the risk factors for the decline of a language among its native linguistic community. The paper will also review the root origins of Romany and Irish as they both belong to Indo- European language and its genetic and historical kinship. The study sheds light on the need for language revitalization and re-awakening in the context to language shift. Simultaneously, the paper proposes a framework for the revival of the Romany and Irish languages in educational institutions and socio-cultural organisations. The study rounds off the arguments by sketching a roadmap for the implementation of language revitalisation and preservation of indigenous languages.


language endangerment, the irish language, the romani language, language revival, language death, language shift, language preservation, language planning.


Theeba A

Associate Professor, Department of History, Rani Anna Government College for Women, Tirunelveli, Tamil Nadu, India


Eve teasing has been a serious social evil widely prevalent in our country. Nowadays, so many cases are filed against eve teasers and sometimes the victims most probably school and college students commit suicide. Eve teasing is widely prevalent in all walks of life. Wherever women work, they are targeted and teased whenever possible. We cannot just say that only the school children and college students are affected by eve teasers, women politicians were also teased on many occasions in the Tamil Nadu legislative Assembly. Women ministers like Dr. Jothi Venkatachalam and Dr. Sathiyavani Muthu were targeted many times. Questions related to eve teasing were also raised in the Assembly and the legislators tried to mock the victims instead of the culprits.  The Madras Legislative Assembly Debates and Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly Debates were used for preparing this research paper. More over leading newspapers and interviews were also added to enrich this   paper. Though women became legislator they still remained women at heart. Eve teasing still continues and we seldom care about it.  The ruling party members also sometimes tease their own party legislators if they achieve something. They are not encouraged inside their party itself. This paper mainly focuses on the ordeals of the women legislators and their male counterparts.


women, legislators, eve teasing, questions, assembly procedures.


Srilata K

Associate Professor, Department of English, Bharathi Womens College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India


Mariama Ba, a Senegalese writer and feminist, wrote in French. Born in Dakar, she lost her mother in her early childhood. She was raised by her grandmother in a Muslim tradition. She had the fortune of being educated with her Father’s support .She began to look at the inequalities between the sexes in the African tradition with a critical eye and took it up as her mission to expose and critique the power structures that suppressed women in a patriarchal and a polygamous society. Family to her is an important inner sphere which established the power hierarchy that extended itself conveniently into the outer social sphere politicizing the rationale employed to justify the established power structures. She strongly felt that people should be made to understand the complementarity of man and woman in all spheres as she felt that women are plunged in all aspects of life and made to suffer for the consequences of men’s actions on families. There is a lack of regard for women who silently go through the turmoils. Men are never allowed to repent for their domineering nature. Ba has written two novels:  SO LONG A LETTER (1981), SCARLET SONGS (1986). Her novels depict her strong exploration of feminism. She lends a powerful voice for the women of Africa who are oppressed by culture as well by the virtue of being a woman, treated as the weaker sex. Even as a child she realized the importance of a WOMAN in a family, as it is only a woman who as a multitasker shoulders greater responsibility in carrying the tradition of a society. Ba urged the African women to identify themselves and believe in themselves so as to overcome the multiple hurdles that obstruct her path. She was very firm that only education can bring the change in a woman’s life, especially the married life. Through her women characters Ba expresses herself and exposes the social differences that block the progress of women.  Her only mission was to tell the world through her books that a complete growth of a society involves a complementary approach by the men and women which will effect only on equal grounds possible solely through education. Education is the window through which light gleams and allows women to make certain decisions that could also topple any existing patriarchal archetypes. This could lead to the path to empowerment. This is the message that Ba sends through her writings.


patriarchy, religion, islam, african culture, women’s rights, liberating the self.


Sherlin S

Assistant Professor, St. Xavier’s College of Education (Autonomous), Palayamkottai, Tamil Nadu, India.


Knowledge Based Education can only be transferred to our younger generations but Value Based Education can transform them. India is the seventh biggest country in the world by area and India’s higher education system is the third largest in the world. Due to the revolution and explosion of science and technology, changes and development happens in everywhere and everything except morality. Education without value is not only useless but also very harmful. Values are the beliefs about what is right, what is wrong and what is important. But Attitude influences an individual’s choice of action and responses to challenges, incentives and rewards altogether called stimuli. This paper describes some of the important values that have to be vitalized along with the expected attitude change in the higher education institutions, which includes attitude towards students enrolment, attitude towards quality of education, attitude towards training of teachers, and attitude towards self-respect and a desire to respect others. By establishing these types of values and attitudes will create an open institutional climate in the higher education institutions. It will promote and sustain the value based attitude among students cluster and help them to lead their social life with harmony and peace, which is anticipated as happier and successful.


higher education, attitude, generation, standards, values.

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