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Sparkling International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research Studies

Volume 3           Issue 1          January – March 2020           Pages 24-27

jpUts;Stupd; kUj;Jtr; rpe;jidfs;

n`g;rp Nuh]; Nkup m

cjtpg;NguhrpupaH> Nfusg; gy;fiyf;fofk;> fhupatl;lk;> jpUtde;jGuk;> Nfush> ,e;jpah.

Ma;Tr;RUf;fk;


cyfk; Njhd;wpa ehs; Kjy; ,d;Wtiu gy GJtifahd Neha;fSk; Neha;j;njhw;WfSk; Njhd;wpf;nfhz;Ljhd; ,Uf;fpd;wd. ,j;jifa Neha;fisg;gw;wp mt;tt;fhyj;J ,yf;fpaq;fs; epr;rakhf gjpthf;fpapUf;fNtz;Lk;. rq;ffhyk; njhl;L ,f;fhyk; tiuapyhd ,yf;fpaq;fs; ,iykiw fhafTk; ntspg;gilahfTk; mf;fhyj;jpy; epytpa  Neha;fisg; gw;wpAk; mjw;fhd fhuzq;fisg; gw;wpAk; Neha;fSf;fhd kUj;JtKiwfisg; gw;wpAk; gjpthf;fj;jhd; nra;fpd;wd. mj;jifa Njlypy; cUthdNj ,f;fl;Liu. cyfg;nghJkiu vd;W Nghw;wg;gLk; jpUf;Fwspy; jpUts;StH gjpthf;fpAs;s kUj;Jtr;rpe;jidfis Ma;tjhf ,f;fl;Liu mikfpwJ. ,f;fl;Liu nghJthfj; jkpo; ,yf;fpaq;fs; gjpthf;fpAs;s Neha;fisAk;  Neha;jPHf;Fk; KiwfisAk; vLj;Jiuj;J jpUts;Stupd; kUj;Jtr; rpe;jidfis Ma;tjhf mikfpd;wJ. Neha;Njhd;W tjw;Fupa Kjy; fhuzkhf czTg;gof;fj;ijNa jpUts;StH Kd;itf;fpwhH. Kiwaw;w czT cz;ZjNy Neha;f;Fupa fhuzkhfTk; fUJfpwhH. Kiwahd czit cz;lhy; Neha; tuhky; jLf;fyhk; vd;gJ jpUts;Stupd; fUj;jhFk;. ,j;jifa kUj;Jtr;rpe;jidfis vLj;Jiug;gjhf ,f;fl;Liu mikfpwJ.

Kf;fpa thu;j;ijfs;: jpUts;StH> kUj;Jtr; rpe;jidfs;> jpUf;Fws;.


Kd;Diu

kdpjd; Njhd;wpa fhyj;jpy; ,Ue;Nj Neha;fSk; Njhd;wpd. vdNtjhd; ek; Kd;NdhHfs; Nehaw;w tho;Nt Fiwtw;w nry;tk; vdf; Fwpg;gpl;ldH.  mt;thW Neha;fs; Njhd;wpDk; mjidj; jPHg;gjw;fhd topKiwfisAk; mtNd fz;lwpe;jpUf;f Ntz;Lk;.  mj;jifa Neha;fisAk; Neha;fSf;fhd jPHT fisAk; mt;tt;fhyj;J ,yf;fpaq;fs; gjpthf; fpAs;sd. njhy;fhg;gpak; nra;Aspaypy; “thAiw tho;j;Nj taq;f ehbd;> Ntk;Gk; fLFk; Nghy ntQ;nrhy;” (njhy;.nr. 118) vd;w  E}w;ghtpy; kUj;Jtr; rpe;jid  ,lk; ngw;W}s;sJ. ,jw;F ciunaOJk; NguhrpupaH tha; vd;gJ tha;nkhop ciw vd;gJ kUe;J. thAiw vd;gJ nrhy; “kUe;njd gz;Gj;njhifahk;. ,dp tha;f;fz; Njhd;wpa kUe;njd Ntw;Wikj; njhifAkhk; vd;g” vd;W ciu vOJfpwhH. “xUtUf;Ff; fUQ;nrhy; nrhy;yhJ gpd;dhspy; ey;yJ gaf;f Ntz;ba mjhtJ> Kd;dhy; fre;J gpd;dhy; clYf;F cWjp gaf;Fk; Ntk;Gk; fLFk; Nghy” vd;W NkYk; ciu tpsf;fk; mspj;Js;shH. ,jidg; ghHf;Fk; NghJ   njhy;fhg;gpaH  fhyj;jpy; rpj;j kUj;Jt KiwfNs jiyr;rpwe;J tpsq;fpd vd;gJ GydhFk;. rq;fk; kUtpa fhyj;jpy; Njhd;wpa ,yf;fpaq;fspd; ngaHfSk; NkYk; ,jw;F tYNrHf;fpd;wd.  jpupfLfk;> Vyhjp> rpWgQ;r%yk; Nghd;w E}y;fspd; ngaHfs; mf;fhyj;jpy; ,Ue;j kUj;Jtj;jpd; Kf;fpaj;Jtj;ij vLj;Jiuf; fpd;wd. ,f;fl;Liu jpUf;Fwspy; jpUts;StH vLj;Jiuf;Fk; kUj;Jtr; ;rpe;jidfis vLj;Jiuf;Fk; tz;zkhf mike;Js;sJ.

jkpo; ,yf;fpaq;fs; fhl;Lk; Neha;fSk; kUj;Jt KiwfSk;

,yf;fpak; vd;gJ tho;f;ifapd; fz;zhb vd;gH. mt;tifapy; jkpopy; Njhd;wpa ,yf;fpaq;fs; mf;fhyj;jpy; Njhd;wpa Neha;fisAk; gjpthf;fpAs;sd.  ,g;gFjpapy; jkpo; ,yf;fpaq;fs; fhl;Lk; Neha;fisAk; mjw;fhd fhuzq;fisAk; fhz;Nghk;. GwehD}W GwE}yhjyhy; NghHnra;Ak;NghJ Vw;gLk; Gz;fs; gw;wpa nra;jpfis ,jpy; gjpthfpAs;sd. Gz; (Gwk; 281)> Gz; toiy> kplw;Wg; gRk;Gz; (Gwk;. g. 86) Nghd;w Gz; njhlHghd Neha;fisg; GwehD}W Fwpg;gplg;gLfpd;wJ. fhak; gl;l Gz;Zf;Fg; gQ;R itj;Jf; fl;Lk; kUj;Jt tof;fk; mf;fhyj;jpy; ,Ue;jJ vd;gij> “gQ;rpAk; fisahg; Gz;zH” (353> tup.16) vd;W GwehD}W $WfpwJ.

fUTw;w fhyj;jpy; ngz;zpw;F Vw;gLk; Nehahf ‘tah Neha;” Fwpg;gplg;gLfpwJ. ,e;NehAw;w kfspH kz; cz;Zk; gof;fj;ij Nkw;nfhz;bUg;gjhfg; GwehD}W Rl;Lfpd;wJ (Gwk;> g. 89). ,J ,e;Nehapd; mwpFwpahfj; Njhd;WfpwJ.. mjpfkhd grpAk; xU Nehahf mf;fhyj;jpy; fUjg;gll;J> ,jidj; jpupfLfk;   ngUk;grp  vd;Wk; (jpup.f> ghly; 60)> GwehD}W tapw;Wj; jP vd;Wk; (Gwk;> 74)> kzpNkfiy ahidj; jP  vd;Wk; Fwpg;gpLfpd;wd.  ,e;Neha;fs; ‘jPuhj grp” njhlHghd Neha;fshff; fhzg;gLfpd;wd. ,it jtpu kUe;jhy; jPuhj ngUk;gpzp gw;wpa nra;jpAk; ,yf;fpaj;jpy; ,lk;ngWfpwJ (jpupfLfk;> ghly; 18). njhO Neha;> ghy;tpid Neha; Mfpa Neha;fs; kpfg; goq;fhye;njhl;Nl ,Ue;Js;sd vd;gijAk; mwpa Kbfpd;wJ. jiytyp> Ruk;> fz; xsp Fd;Wjy; Nghd;w Neha;fisj; jpUg;GfOk; (gf;. 10-11)> FspH Ruk;> #iy Neha;> ntg;G Neha;> Nghd;w Neha;fisg; ngupa GuhzKk; (g. 273> 157> 316> 270) Rl;Lfpd;wd. ,tw;Ws; ntg;G Nehapd; mwpFwpfshf cly; eLq;Fjy;> cly; ntk;ikailjy;> fdy; Nghd;W tUj;Jjy;> ntk;ik tapw;wpDs; GFjy;> FlypDs; GFjy;> mUfpy; cs;NshUk; thbj; jPa;e;J NghFk;gb cly; cyHe;J RUq;Fjy; Mfpait Nehapd; fhuzq;fshFk;;. ,e;Neha; jPHf;Fk; kUe;jhf thioapd; ,sq; FUj;jpYk; jspHfspYk; NehAw;whiuf; fplj;Jk; tof;fk; mf;fhyj;jpy; ,Ue;Js;sJ. mt;thW fplj;Jkplj;J mit ntg;gj;jhy; fha;e;J nghbahFk; vd;W rw;W caHT etpw;rpapy; $Wtijf; fhzyhk;.> Ngr;rpd;wp epidtpoe;J kaq;fp tPo;jiy NkYk;  rpy mwpFwpfshf ,t;tpyf;fpaq;fs; Fwpg;gplg;gLfpd;wd.

jpUts;StH; Rl;Lk; Neha;fSk; fhuzq;fSk;

czT Kiwfs;jhd; Neha;f;fhd mbg;gil fhuzkhf mikfpd;wd. thjk; gpj;jk; fgk; vd;w %d;Wk; kdpjdpd; cly; epiyiar; rPHgLj;Jtd. ,it ehk; cz;Zk; cztpdhy; fl;Lg;gLj;jg; gLfpwJ.  ,jid  ed;FzHe;j jpUts;StH> “kpfpDk; FiwapDk; Neha;nra;Ak; E}NyhH> tspKjyh vz;zpa %d;W” (jpU. 941) vd;W Fwpg;gpLfpd;whH.   thjk; gpj;jk; fgk; ,k;%d;Wk; kpFe;jhYk; Fiwe;jhYk; Neha;Njhd;Wk; vd;gij ,f;Fws; thapyhfj; jpUts;StH vLj;Jiuf;fpwhH. 

czT cz;Zk; Kiwapy; xU ehisf;F ,uz;L my;yJ %d;W Kiw cz;gNj NghJkhdJ. vdpDk;  ehk; %d;W Kiw cz;Zk; gof;fj;ij Vw;gLj;jpAs;Nshk;. rhg;gpl;l rhg;ghL ntsptUk; tz;zk; tapW Kl;lr; rhg;gplf;$lhJ. tapw;wpy; ghjpasT czT> fhy;gFjp jz;zPH> mLj;j fhy;gFjp fhw;wpd; tUiff;F Vw;wgb tapw;wpy; ,lk;tpl;Lr; rhg;gpLtNj kpjczTg; gof;fkhFk;.

mjpf mstpw;F cz;lhy; Neha; tUk;. MAs; FiwAk;. vdNt vg;NghJk; tapW Gilf;f> %r;R Kl;l cz;zf;$lhJ vd;W ek; Kd;NdhHfs; $WtH. mstpw;Ff; Fiwthf cz;lhYk; clypy; rf;jp FiwAk;. vdNt Njitahd msT mjhtJ mjpfkhfTk; ,y;yhky;> FiwthfTk; ,y;yhky; cz;z Ntz;Lk;. NkYk; grpNa ,y;yhj nghOJ flikf;fhf> NkYk; NkYk; cz;zf;$lhJ. grpj;Nj Grpf;f Ntz;Lk;. ,jidj; jpUts;StH>

kUe;njd; Ntz;lthk; ahf;iff; fUe;jpa

jw;wJd; Nghw;wp czpd;  (jpU 942).

mUe;jpA czT nrwpkhdkhdgpd;G cz;Zk; gof;fj;ij Vw;gLj;jpdhy; ahf;iff;F kUe;Nj Ntz;Ltjpy;iy vd;gij czHj;JfpwJ.  NkYk;>

mw;why; mstwpe;Jz;f m/Jlk;G

ngw;whd; nebJa;f;Fk; MW (jpU 943).

mw;w jwpe;J filgpbj;J khwy;y

Ja;f;f Jtug; grpj;J – (jpU 944).

khWghby;yhj  cz;b kWj;Jz;zpd;

CWghby;iy capHf;F  (jpU 945).

Nghd;w jpUf;Fws;fspy; czT cz;Zk; gof;fk; typAWj;jg;gLfpd;wd. kdk;Nghd Nghf;fpw;F cz;zhky;  cztpd; msT mwpe;J cz;zNtz;Lk; vd;Wk; grpj;jgpd;Ng czT cz;Zk; gof;fj;ij Vw;gLj;jpf; nfhs;sNtz;Lk;. khWghby;yhj czit Ntz;ba mstpw;F cz;zNtz;Lk; vd;Wk; typAWj;jg;gLfpwJ. Kiwaw;w  czTg; gof;fNk Neha; tUtjw;fhd fhuzkhfj;  jpUts;StH fUJfpwhH.

jpUts;StH Rl;Lk; Neha; jLf;Fk; Kiwfs;

Kiwahd czT gof;fq;fs; rpwe;j Neha; jLf;Fk; KiwfshFk;.  ,NjhL Gyhy; cz;zhikAk; fs;Sz;zhikAk; Neha;jLg;G KiwfSs; rpwe;jjhf mwptpayhsHfs; fUJfpd;wdH.  ,d;W mjpfkhff; fhzg;gLk; cyfnkq;Fk; Ngrg;gl;L tUk; Vkf;FiwT NehAk; (AIDS) ghy;tpid Neha;fSk; guthky; jLf;Fk; Kiwfisg; gw;wp jpUts;StH tiutpd; kfspH>  gpwdpy; tpioahik vd;w ,uz;L mjpfhuq;fspy;  vLj;Jf;$wpAs;shH.

Tiutpyh khzpioahH nkd;Nwhy; Giuapyhg;

g+upaHfs; MOk; msW  (jpU 919).

,Ukdg; ngz;bUk; fs;Sk; ftWk;

jpU ePf;fg; gl;lhH njhlHG (jpU 920).

gpwd;nghUshs; ngl;nlhOFk; Ngjik Qhyj;J

mwk;nghUs; fz;lhHfz; ,y;   (jpU 141).

vd;w jpUf;Fws;fis Muha;e;j kUj;JtH r. rz;Kfk; ,d;W ek;kpilNa cs;s Neha;fspy; kpf Kf;fpakhd Neha;fs; Nkw;$wpa %d;W fhuzq;fshy;jhd; tUfpd;wd vd;W Fwpg;gpl;L ,e;Neha;fs; tuhky; jLg;gjw;fhd topKiwfis vLj;Jiuf;fpd;whH. mitahtd>

  1. Gyhy; cz;zhikahy; – ,ja Neha;> gf;fthjk; ,y;yh tho;f;if
  2. fs;Sz;zhikahy; – fy;yPuy;> euk;G Neha;fspypUe;J ghJfhg;G
  3. tiutpd; kfspH jtpHj;jy; kw;Wk; gpwdpy; tpioahikahy; va;l;R> ghy;tpid Neha;fsp ,Ue;J ghJfhf;fyhk; vd;W $Wfpd;whH.

,jidg; ghHf;Fk; NghJ jpUts;StH md;Nw Neha;tuhky; jLg;gjw;fhd topKiwfis vLj;Jiuj;Js;shH vd;Nw vz;zj; Njhd;WfpwJ.

jpUts;StH fhl;Lk; kUj;JtH

kUj;JtH Nehiag; jPHf;Fk; epiyapy; Kjypy; epw;gtuhthH.  kUj;Jtupd; Fz eyd;fis ,uz;L jpUf;Fwspy;  jpUts;StH vLj;Jiuf;fpwhH. 

Kjyhtjhf>

Neha; ehb Neha;Kjy; ehb mJjzpf;Fk;

tha; ehb tha;g;gr; nray; (jpU 948).

Nehahspapd; cly; khw;wq;fshy;  te;Js;s Nehia mwpe;J me;j Neha; tUtjw;fhd %y fhuzj;ijAk; mijj;jPHf;Fk; topiaAk; mwpe;J nray;gLgtNd ey;y kUj;JtH MtH.

,uz;lhtjhf>

cw;whd; msTk; gpzpasTk; fhyKk;

fw;whd; fUjpr; nray; (jpU 949).

kUj;Jt E}iy ed;F fw;w kUj;JtH> Nehahspapd; Nehiag; Nghf;f KaYk;NghJ> Nehahspapd; taJ> me;Neha; te;jpUf;Fk; fhyk;> Nehiag; Nghf;fj; jdf;Fj; NjitahFk; fhyk; Mfpatw;iw vz;zpr; nray;gl Ntz;Lk; vd;W $WfpwhH. 

KbTiu

jpUts;StH kUe;J vd;Dk; XH ,aiy mikj;jjpy; ,Ue;J mf;fhyj;jpy; epytpa kUj;Jtj;jpd; Kf;fpaj;Jtj;ij mwpe;J nfhs;syhk;.  mf;fhyj;jpy; ,Ue;j gytifahd Neha;fisAk;  mjidj; jPw;gjw;fhd  topKiwfisAk; jpUf;Fws; vLj;Jiuf;fpwJ. Neha;Njhd;W tjw;Fupa Kjy; fhuzkhf czTg;gof;fj;ijNa jpUts;StH Kd;itf;fpwhH.  Kiwaw;w czT cz;ZjNy Neha;f;Fupa fhuzkhfTk; fUJfpwhH.   Kiwahd czit cz;lhy; Neha; tuhky; jLf;fyhk; vd;gJ jpUts;Stupd; fUj;jhFk;.  kUj;Jtupd; Fz eyd;fs; ,uz;L Fwspy; vLj;Jiuf;fg;gl;Ls;sd. Nehapd; jd;ikiaAk; mjw;fhd fhuzj;ijAk; mwpe;J kUe;J toq;FgtNd rpwe;j kUj;Jtd; Mthd;. Kiwahd czTg; gof;fj;ij Vw;gLj;jp Neha;tUjiyj; jLg;gNj rpwe;j kUj;jtk; vd;gijj; jpUts;StH njs;sj;njspthfj; jpUf;Fwspy; vLj;Jiuf;fpwhH.

ghHit E}y;fs;


rz;Kfk;. R.> kUj;Jtj; jkpopaYk; Kd;idj; jkpoH mwptpaYk;> kUj;Jtj; jkpopay; Muha;r;rpf; fofk;> ney;iy> jkpo;ehL> ,e;jpah> 2004.

ney;iy. R.. Kj;J jkpo;$Wk; mwptpay;> jpUtuR Gj;jf epiyak;> jpahfuha efH> nrd;id> jkpo;ehL> 2017.

gupNkyofH> jpUf;Fws;> jpUney;Ntyp irtrpj;jhe;j E}w; gjpg;Gf;fofk;> nrd;id> jkpo;ehL> 2007.

 

To cite this article


Hepsy Rose Mary, A. (2020). jpUts;Stupd; kUj;Jtr; rpe;jidfs;. Sparkling International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research Studies, 3(1), 24-27.