*Gomathi, M., & **Esther, D.
*Research Scholar, Reg No: 17223281052016, Women’s Christian College, Nagercoil, Affiliated to Manonmaniam Sundaranar University, Tirunelveli, Tamilnadu, India.
**Associate Professor, Department of History, Women’s Christian College, Nagercoil, Affiliated to Manonmaniam Sundaranar University, Tirunelveli, Tamilnadu, India.
Natural disasters like cyclones, floods, earthquakes, and landslides affect all countries in the world. It destroys substantial human and economic resources and stands as formidable barriers to regional, national and global developments. Cyclones are common all along the coast of the Bay of Bengal. They were most severe at the changing of the monsoons. Floods are a constant phenomenon on the west coast where the rapid streams of the rivers cut themselves deep beds; the rivers Krishna and Penniar are especially prone to heavy floods. The first flood in memory had occurred in March 1853 which was accompanied by a violent hurricane. The next cyclone took place in 1871 on November 6th and 7th. The consequences of the flood of November 1880 were more serious and resulted in the remission of two and a quarter lakh of land revenue. During the 19th century, the last flood that occurred was in July and August of 1900.
floods, cyclones, disastrous, disaster
Baliga, B. S., Tanjore District Handbook, Government of Madras, Madras, 1957, p.1.
Bhatia, B.M., Famine in India, Asia Publishing House, New Delhi, 1963, p-90.
Chokkalingam, V. Thanjai Arulmigu Kotiamman Varalaru, (Tamil), Thanjavur, 1987, p.15.
Famine Commission Report, 1880, part-1, p.16.
Famine Commission Report, 1901, p.166.
Gopalan, S. Old Tanjore, Madras, 1937, p.26.
Hamingway, F.R. Tanjore District Gazetteer, Cosmo Publication, New Delhi, 2000, p.96.
Hamingway, F. R. Tanjore District Gazetteer, Cosmo Publication, New Delhi, 2000, p.149.
Mahalingam, T.V., Reading in South Indian History, B. R. Publishing Corporation, New Delhi, 1977, p.165.
Nilakanta Sastri. K.A., The Colas, University of Madras, Chennai, 1975, p.105.
Rajayyan, K., South Indian Rebellion, Madurai, Ratna Publication, 1971, p.59.
Sreenivasa Ragahava Iyengar, Memorandum on the progress of the Madras Presidency during the last forty years, 1893, p.25.
Subramanian, P. Social History of the Tamils, Delhi, 1996, p.125.
To cite this article
Gomathi, M., & Esther, D. (2020). Floods and Cyclones in Tanjore District during 19th Century. Sparkling International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research Studies, 3(4), 9-16.