UNKNOWN CIVILIZATION OF PAZHAYARU
December 31, 2018
AFROPOLITANISM IN CHIMAMANDA NGOZI ADICHIE’S AMERICANAH
December 31, 2018

Sparkling International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research Studies

Volume 1           Issue 1           October – December 2018           Pages 14-23

MULTIPLE INTELLIGENCE AND ACHIEVEMENT IN ENGLISH OF XI STANDARD STUDENTS

Priyanka. J

M.Ed. Student, Bishop Agniswamy College of Education, Muttom. Kanyakmari District, Tamil Nadu, India

Abstract


The main objective of this study is to find out the relationship between multiple intelligence and achievement in English of XI standard students. Multiple intelligence and achievement in English questionnaires are used to collect the relevant data. The sample consists of 300 XI standard students from four higher secondary schools. Among them 105 are male students and 195 are female students. The data are analysed by ‘t’ test and Karl Pearson’s Product moment correlation. The results indicate that there is significant relationship between multiple intelligence and achievement in English of XI standard students.

Keywords: multiple intelligence, achievement in english, XI standard students


Introduction

Education is the key, which enables an individual to develop their desirable habits, skills and attitudes. It makes an individual a good citizen. According to John Dewey, “Education is the development of all those capacities in the individual which will enable him to control his environment and fulfill his responsibilities”. According to Swami Vivekananda, “Education is the manifestation of perfection already existing in man”. Therefore education is a process of identifying the hidden talents of the individuals and providing training to the individuals. The training can be given to the individuals according to their abilities.

Significance of the Study

Multiple intelligence is a set of skills allowing individuals to find and resolve genuine problems they face. It improves a man’s learning potential. When a person learns, he/she not only uses one of these intelligence but combinations of all nine types of intelligence. It can be nurtured and strengthened or ignored and weakened. In the modern world, language has become one of the essential needs. Learning of other languages apart from one’s mother tongue has some difficulties in understanding. But a student with multiple intelligence can acquire everything easily. A student with multiple intelligence would achieve in English. Achievement in English is influenced by many factors such as interest, creativity and intelligence. In general, multiple intelligence is needed to learn something new. But their performance in English depends on the multiple intelligence of the students. If the students have multiple intelligences, there will be a high level of achievement in English. Therefore, the investigator wants to know the relationship between multiple intelligence and achievement in English of XI standard students.

Objectives

1. To find out whether there is any significant difference between male and female XI standard students in their verbal linguistic, logical mathematical, visual spatial, bodily kinesthetic, musical rhythmic, interpersonal, intrapersonal, naturalistic, existential and multiple intelligence.
2. To find out whether there is any significant difference between arts group and science group XI standard students in their verbal linguistic, logical mathematical, visual spatial, bodily kinesthetic, musical rhythmic, interpersonal, intrapersonal, naturalistic, existential and multiple intelligence.
3. To find out whether there is any significant difference between XI standard students from rural and urban area in their verbal linguistic, logical mathematical, visual spatial, bodily kinesthetic, musical rhythmic, interpersonal, intrapersonal, naturalistic, existential and multiple intelligence.
4. To find out whether there is any significant difference between male and female XI standard students in their achievement in English.
5. To find out whether there is any significant difference between arts group and science group XI standard students in their achievement in English.
6. To find out whether there is any significant difference between XI standard students from rural and urban area in their achievement in English.
7. To find out whether there is any significant relationship between multiple intelligence and achievement in English of XI standard students.

Null Hypotheses

1. There is no significant difference between male and female XI standard students in their verbal linguistic, logical mathematical, visual spatial, bodily kinesthetic, musical rhythmic, interpersonal, intrapersonal, naturalistic, existential and multiple intelligence.
2. There is no significant difference between arts group and science group XI standard students in their verbal linguistic, logical mathematical, visual spatial, bodily kinesthetic, musical rhythmic, interpersonal, intrapersonal, naturalistic, existential and multiple intelligence.
3. There is no significant difference between XI standard students from rural and urban area in their verbal linguistic, logical mathematical, visual spatial, bodily kinesthetic, musical rhythmic, interpersonal, intrapersonal, naturalistic, existential and multiple intelligence.
4. There is no significant difference between male and female XI standard students in their achievement in English.
5. There is no significant difference between arts group and science group XI standard students in their achievement in English.
6. There is no significant difference between XI standard students from rural and urban area in their achievement in English.
7. There is no significant relationship between verbal linguistic, logical mathematical, visual spatial, bodily kinesthetic, musical rhythmic, interpersonal, intrapersonal, naturalistic, existential and multiple intelligence and achievement in English of XI standard students.

Methodology

The investigator adopted survey method. The population for the study is XI standard students in Kanyakumari District. The investigator has used stratified random sampling technique for selecting the sample from the population. The sample consists of 300 XI standard students from four schools. Among them 105 are male and 195 are female. Multiple Intelligence Inventory developed by Howard Gardner and Achievement in English Questionnaire developed and validated by the investigator were used for collecting the data. The data are analysed by ‘t’ test and Karl Pearson’s Product moment correlation.

Analysis of Data

Table 1. Level of Multiple Intelligence of XI Standard Students

Multiple Intelligence and its Dimensions

LowModerateHigh

No

%No%No

%

Verbal Linguistic Intelligence

103

34.3

18762.310

3.3

Logical Mathematical Intelligence

6421.322073.316

5.3

Visual Spatial Intelligence

4916.323177.020

6.7

Bodily Kinesthetic Intelligence

4314.322775.730

10.0

Musical Rhythmic Intelligence

6722.320869.325

8.3

Interpersonal Intelligence

5518.322976.316

5.3

Intrapersonal Intelligence

4715.723076.723

7.7

Naturalistic Intelligence

4113.722575.034

11.3

Existential Intelligence

21371.05317.741

13.7

Multiple Intelligence4113.721772.342

14.0

It is inferred from the above table that 34.3% of XI standard students have low, 62.3% of them have moderate and 3.3% of them have high level of verbal linguistic intelligence.
It is inferred from the above table that 21.3% of XI standard students have low, 73.3% of them have moderate and 5.3% of them have high level of logical mathematical intelligence.
It is inferred from the above table that 16.3% of XI standard students have low, 77.0% of them have moderate and 6.7% of them have high level of visual spatial intelligence.
It is inferred from the above table that 14.3% of XI standard students have low, 75.7% of them have moderate and 10.0% of them have high level of bodily kinesthetic intelligence.
It is inferred from the above table that 22.3% of XI standard students have low, 69.3% of them have moderate and 8.3% of them have high level of musical rhythmic intelligence.
It is inferred from the above table that 18.3% of XI standard students have low, 76.3% of them have moderate and 5.3% of them have high level of interpersonal intelligence.
It is inferred from the above table that 15.7% of XI standard students have low, 76.7% of them have moderate and 7.7% of them have high level of intrapersonal intelligence.
It is inferred from the above table that 13.7% of XI standard students have low, 75.0% of them have moderate and 11.3% of them have high level of naturalistic intelligence.
It is inferred from the above table that 71.0% of XI standard students have low, 17.7% of them have moderate and 13.7% of them have high level of existential intelligence.
It is inferred from the above table that 13.7% of XI standard students have low, 72.3% of them have moderate and 14.0% of them have high level of multiple intelligence.

Table 2. Difference between Male and Female XI Standard Students in Their Multiple Intelligence

Multiple Intelligence and its Dimensions

Male (N=105)Female (N=195)Calculated Value of ‘t’Remarks at 5% level
MeanS.DMeanS.D

Verbal Linguistic Intelligence

20.653.08519.733.2762.395

Significant

Logical Mathematical  Intelligence

21.063.16520.813.5060.620

Not Significant

Visual Spatial Intelligence

21.723.56721.213.1891.234

Not Significant

Bodily Kinesthetic Intelligence

22.293.62321.813.9511.061Not Significant

Musical Rhythmic Intelligence

21.613.96021.767.9340.225Not Significant

Interpersonal Intelligence

21.66

3.17120.913.6181.844

Not Significant

Intrapersonal Intelligence

21.933.21721.723.7320.522

Not Significant

Naturalistic Intelligence22.303.61722.39

3.443

0.197Not Significant
Existential Intelligence22.064.09922.953.8221.839

Not Significant

Multiple Intelligence

195.2820.983193.2922.8053.921

Significant

(At 5% level of significance, the table value of ‘t’ is 1.96)

It is inferred from the above table that there is no significant difference between male and female XI standard students in their logical mathematical, visual spatial, bodily kinesthetic, musical rhythmic, interpersonal, intrapersonal, naturalistic and existential intelligence, but there is significant difference between male and female XI standard students in their verbal linguistic and multiple intelligence.

While comparing with female students, male students are better in their verbal linguistic and multiple intelligence.

Table 3. Difference between Arts Group and Science Group XI Standard Students in Their Multiple Intelligence

Multiple Intelligence and its Dimensions

Arts (N=92)Science (N=208) 

Calculated Value of ‘t’

 

Remarks at 5% level

Mean

S.DMean

S.D

Verbal Linguistic Intelligence

19.253.24720.413.1732.870

Significant

Logical Mathematical Intelligence

20.18

3.33121.213.371

2.453

Significant

Visual Spatial Intelligence

20.873.48421.623.2401.758

Not Significant

Bodily Kinesthetic Intelligence

22.43

3.57721.773.9421.439

Not Significant

Musical Rhythmic Intelligence

20.883.65222.087.7831.812

Not Significant

Interpersonal Intelligence

20.933.09521.283.6410.840

Not Significant

Intrapersonal Intelligence

21.983.16221.713.7210.637

Not Significant

Naturalistic Intelligence

22.073.52922.493.4860.966

Not Significant

Existential Intelligence

23.073.42522.454.1371.349

Not Significant

Multiple Intelligence

191.6620.010195.0123.1151.274

Not Significant

(At 5% level of significance, the table value of ‘t’ is 1.96).

It is inferred from the above table that there is no significant difference between arts group and science group XI standard students in their bodily kinesthetic, musical rhythmic, interpersonal, intrapersonal, naturalistic, existential and multiple intelligence, but there is significant difference between arts group and science group XI standard students in their verbal linguistic and logical mathematical intelligence.

While comparing with arts group students, science group students are better in their verbal linguistic and logical mathematical intelligences.

Table 4. Difference between XI Standard Students from Rural and Urban Area in their Multiple Intelligence

Multiple Intelligence and its Dimensions

Rural (N=124)

Urban (N=176)Calculated Value of ‘t’

Remarks at 5% level

Mean

S.DMean

S.D

Verbal Linguistic Intelligence

20.14

3.532

19.99

3.017

0.366

Not Significant

Logical Mathematical  Intelligence

20.61

3.68221.103.1581.187

Not Significant

Visual Spatial Intelligence

21.353.49921.423.2130.186

Not Significant

Bodily Kinesthetic Intelligence

21.683.57622.184.0131.143

Not Significant

Musical Rhythmic Intelligence

20.943.90822.258.2261.834

Not Significant

Interpersonal Intelligence

20.693.38221.523.5182.062

Significant

Intrapersonal Intelligence

21.483.66622.023.4701.287

Not Significant

Naturalistic Intelligence

22.213.93322.473.1660.601

Not Significant

Existential Intelligence

22.154.20722.983.7091.783

Not Significant

Multiple Intelligence

191.2324.112195.9320.6521.759

Not Significant

(At 5% level of significance, the table value of ‘t’ is 1.96)

It is inferred from the above table that there is no significant difference between XI standard students from rural and urban area in their verbal linguistic, logical mathematical, visual spatial, bodily kinesthetic, musical rhythmic, intrapersonal, naturalistic, existential and multiple intelligence, but there is significant difference between XI standard students from rural and urban area in their interpersonal intelligence.

While comparing with rural students, urban students are better in their interpersonal intelligence.

Table 5. Level of Achievement in English of XI Standard Students

Variable

LowModerateHigh

No

%No%No

%

Achievement in English8227.315953.059

19.7

It is inferred from the above table that 27.3% of XI standard students have low, 53.0% of them have moderate and 19.7% of them have high level of achievement in English.

Table 6. Difference between Male and Female XI Standard Students in their Achievement in English

Variable

Male(N=105)

Female(N=195)Calculated Value of ‘t’Remarks at 5% level

Mean

S.DMean

S.D

Achievement in English17.888.36121.037.3133.254

Significant

(At 5% level of significance, the table value of ‘t’ is 1.96)

It is inferred from the above table that there is significant difference between male and female XI standard students in their achievement in English. While comparing with male students, female students are better in their achievement in English.

Table 7. Difference between Arts group and Science group XI Standard Students in their Achievement in English

Variable

Arts (N=92)

Science (N=208)Calculated Value of ‘t’Remarks at 5% level
MeanS.DMean

S.D

Achievement in English

22.48

6.054

18.80

8.2604.318

Significant

(At 5% level of significance, the table value of ‘t’ is 1.96)

It is inferred from the above table that there is significant difference between arts group and science group XI standard students in their achievement in English.

While comparing with science group students, arts group students are better in their achievement in English.

There is no significant difference between XI standard students from rural and urban area in their achievement in English.

Table 8. Difference between XI Standard Students from Rural and Urban Area in their Achievement in English

Variable

Rural (N=124)Urban (N=176)Calculated Value of ‘t’Remarks at 5% level

Mean

S.DMean

S.D

Achievement in English20.538.38719.507.403

1.101

Not Significant

(At 5% level of significance, the table value of ‘t’ is 1.96)

It is inferred from the above table that there is no significant difference between XI standard students from rural and urban area in their achievement in English.

Table 9. Relationship between Multiple Intelligence and Achievement in English of XI Standard Students

Multiple Intelligence and its Dimensions

Calculated value of ‘γ’

Remarks at 5% level

Verbal Linguistic Intelligence

0.081Not Significant

Logical Mathematical Intelligence

0.039Not Significant

Visual Spatial Intelligence

0.001

Not Significant

Bodily Kinesthetic Intelligence

0.057

Not Significant

Musical Rhythmic intelligence

0.048

Not Significant

Interpersonal Intelligence

0.024

Not Significant

Intrapersonal Intelligence

0.145

Significant

Naturalistic Intelligence

0.077

Not Significant

Existential Intelligence

0.185

Significant

Multiple Intelligence

0.466

Significant

(At 5% level of significance for 298 df the table value of ‘γ’ is 0.113)

It is inferred from the above table that there is no significant relationship between verbal linguistic, logical mathematical, visual spatial, bodily kinesthetic, musical rhythmic, interpersonal, naturalistic intelligence and achievement in English of XI standard students, but there is significant relationship between intrapersonal, existential and multiple intelligence and achievement in English of XI standard students.

Findings

1. There is no significant difference between male and female XI standard students in their logical mathematical, visual spatial, bodily kinesthetic, musical rhythmic, interpersonal, intrapersonal, naturalistic and existential intelligence, but there is significant difference between male and female XI standard students in their verbal linguistic and multiple intelligence. While comparing with female students, male students are better in their verbal linguistic and multiple intelligence.
2. There is no significant difference between arts group and science group XI standard students in their bodily kinesthetic, musical rhythmic, interpersonal, intrapersonal, naturalistic, existential and multiple intelligence, but there is significant difference between arts group and science group XI standard students in their verbal linguistic and logical mathematical intelligence. While comparing with arts group students, science group students are better in their verbal linguistic and logical mathematical intelligence.
3. There is no significant difference between XI standard students from rural and urban area in their verbal linguistic, logical mathematical, visual spatial, bodily kinesthetic, musical rhythmic, intrapersonal, naturalistic, existential and multiple intelligence, but there is significant difference between XI standard students from rural and urban area in their interpersonal intelligence. While comparing with rural students, urban students are better in their interpersonal intelligence.
4. There is significant difference between male and female XI standard students in their achievement in English. While comparing with male students, female students are better in their achievement in English.
5. There is significant difference between arts group and science group XI standard students in their achievement in English. While comparing with science group students, arts group students are better in their achievement in English.
6. There is no significant difference between XI standard students from rural and urban area in their achievement in English.
7. There is no significant relationship between verbal linguistic, logical mathematical, visual spatial, bodily kinesthetic, musical rhythmic, interpersonal, naturalistic intelligence and achievement in English of XI standard students, but there is significant relationship between intrapersonal, existential and multiple intelligence and achievement in English of XI standard students.

Interpretations

The ‘t’ test result reveals that the female students are better than the male students in their achievement in English. This may be due to the fact that the male students acquire the communicative knowledge very easily as they visit more places and persons due to their profession. They apply the learnt knowledge for a better achievement in English.

The ‘t’ test result reveals that the arts group students are better than science group students in their achievement in English. This may be due to the fact that the arts group students understand the concept very quickly which increases their achievement in English. They compare the subject knowledge with their life to get a better result.The ‘γ’ test result reveals that there is significant relationship between intrapersonal, existential, multiple intelligence and achievement in English of XI standard students. This reflects that the students with intrapersonal and existential intelligences are very much concentrated to acquire multiple intelligence. These students can be the achiever in their achievement in English. So it is found that there is a positive significant relationship between intrapersonal intelligence, existential intelligence, multiple intelligence and achievement in English of XI standard students.

Recommendations

1. A full-time counsellor should be available on the school campus to develop intrapersonal intelligence among the students.
2. Group and team activities may be included in classroom language teaching.
3. Curriculum may be modified in such a way that we can give equal importance to all the dimensions of intelligences.
4. Innovative teaching strategies should be incorporated to develop multiple intelligence.
5. Discussions, debate and workshops may be conducted to develop the interpersonal communication skills in English.
6. Technological facilities like language laboratory, digital library, e-library and CAL could be incorporated in order to develop verbal linguistic intelligence among the school students.
7. Students should be encouraged to learn English with a great interest. Also, English should be taught dramatically to increase the curiosity level.

Conclusion

To conclude, today’s educational world it is very essential for each and every student should be all rounder. He must be well scrutinised by the education. The education imparted by the schools, should promote them to face all the circumstances to compete this world. Education should bring out students hidden talents and also develop them into intellectuals. Especially it is highly needed that higher secondary school students those who are preparing themselves for higher, professional education, they have to be very intelligent as well as talented in communicative English to survive in the society. A student with multiple intelligence can be successful in his society which makes him as a respectable person. In order to achieve in English language, a student should be well equipped in multiple intelligence. Therefore, the result of the present study finds out that there is a significant relationship between multiple intelligence and achievement in English of XI standard students.

References


(1). Aggarwal. J.C (1996). Principle, methods and techniques of teaching. New Delhi: Vikas Publishers Pvt. Ltd.
(2). John W. Best & James V. Khan (2004). Research in education. New Delhi: Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd.
(3). Fuzniewski. F. (2002). Using multiple intelligence theory to increase reading comprehension in English and Math (ERIC document reproduction service, No. ED 420839).
(4). Koleman. K. (2000). Teaching with multiple intelligence (ERIC document reproduction service, No. ED 423060).
(5). Rajagopalacharya (2013). Achievement in English in relation to intelligence of IX Std. students. Edutracks 12 (10).
(6). Silver. H. (1997). Integrating learning styles and multiple intelligences: Educational Leadership. New York: Basis books.

 

To cite this article


Priyanka, J. (2018). Multiple Intelligence and Achievement in English of XI Standard Students. Sparkling International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research Studies, 1(1), 14-23.