AFROPOLITANISM IN CHIMAMANDA NGOZI ADICHIE’S AMERICANAH
December 31, 2018

Sparkling International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research Studies

Volume 1           Issue 1           October – December 2018           Pages 30-37

உயர்நிலைப்பள்ளி மாணவர்களின் அறநெறி விழுமங்களை வலியுறுத்ததுவதில் பெற்றோரின் பங்கு

*v];. mUs; & **Ih. I_gpw;wh

*cjtpg; Nguhrpupau;> Mau; MQ;QpRthkp fy;tpapay; fy;Y}up> Kl;lk;> jkpo;ehL.
**KJepiy fy;tpapay; Ma;thsu;> Mau; MQ;QpRthkp fy;tpapay; fy;Y}up> Kl;lk;> jkpo;ehL.

Ma;Tr;RUf;fk;


cau;epiyg;gs;sp khztu;fspd; mwpnewp tpOkq;fis typAWj;Jtjpy; ngw;Nwhupd; gq;fpid fz;lwptNj ,t;tha;tpd; Nehf;fkhFk;. jf;fiy fy;tp khtl;lj;jpYs;s muR kw;Wk; muR cjtp ngWk; gs;spfspy; gapYk; cau;epiyg;gs;sp khztu;fs; 300 Ngiu khjpupahf nfhz;L ,t;tha;tpw;F Nju;T nra;ag;gl;Ls;sJ. Ma;tpy; fz;lwpag;gl;l cz;ikfs;> cau;epiyg;gs;sp khztu;fspd; ghypdk; kw;Wk; gapw;W nkhopapd; mbg;gilapy; ngw;Nwhu; jfty; my;yJ fUj;Jg;gfpu;jy;> jd;dhu;tk;> tPl;bd; fy;tp> KbntLf;Fk; jpwd; kw;Wk; rKjhaj; njhlu;;gpy; Fwpg;gplj;jf;f NtWghL cs;sJ. NkYk; jdpf;FLk;gk; kw;Wk; $l;Lf; FLk;gj;jpy; trpf;Fk; cau;epiyg;gs;sp khztu;fspd; ngw;Nwhu;> jfty; gfpu;tpy; jd;dhu;tk;> tPl;by; fye;J KbntLf;Fk; jpwd; kw;Wk; rKjha njhlu;gpy; Fwpg;gplj;jf;f NtWghL ,y;iy..

Kf;fpa thu;j;ijfs;: cau;epiyg;gs;sp> mwnewp tpOkq;fs;> ngw;Nwhu;


mwnewp

mwnewp vd;gJ md;G cwitf; Fwpf;Fk;. khdpl Njhoikf;F vJ mioj;Jr; nry;fpwNjh mij mwkhfTk;> kw;wit mwkw;wjhfTk; mikAk;. Kf;fpakhf xOf;fk;> flik> Mfpait mwnewpr; nray;fshFk;.

mwnewp ,y;yhj fy;tpia xUtDf;F fw;Wf;nfhLg;gJ r%fj;jpw;F jPq;iff; fw;Wf;nfhLg;gjw;F rkkhdjhFk; vd;W $Wfpwhu; jpNahlu; &];nty;L. (Vanaja and Vijaya Bharathi, 2008)

kjpg;G vd;gJ czu;Tfs; rhu;e;j jPu;T MFk;. ,j;jifa czu;TfNs kjpg;ig jPu;khdpf;fpd;wd vd;W $Wfpwhu; uhy;/g; Nghu;nrhb. (Satish and Chadha, 2014)

kjpg;G vd;gJ kdpju;fs; gpwu; vt;thW ele;Jnfhs;s Ntz;Lk; vd;W tFj;Js;s newpKiwfs; vd;W Nltpl; $Wfpd;whu;. (f. rha;Fkhhp> 2008)

kjpg;G vd;gJ kdpju;fs; gpwu; vt;thW ele;Jnfhs;s Ntz;Lk; vd;W tFj;Js;s newpKiwfs; vd;W Nltpl; $Wfpd;whu;. (f. rha;Fkhhp> 2008)

kjpg;Gfs; fy;tpapd; Nehf;fq;fSld; neUq;fpa njhlu;gpidf; nfhz;Ls;sJ. kjpg;Gfs; jj;Jtj;jpd; gFjpahfTk;> jj;Jtj;ij cs;slf;fkhfTk; nfhz;Ls;sJ. “xUtDila fy;tp rhu;e;j Nehf;fk; kjpg;Gfisf; nfhLg;gjhf tpsq;f Ntz;Lk;” vd;W Fwpg;gpLfpwhu; n[.v];./G&Ngr;ru;. (Saini, 2004)

kjpg;Gfs; ,uz;L tiffshfg; gpupf;fg;gl;Ls;sd.
1. xUtupd; vz;zk; rk;ge;jg;gl;l mf kjpg;Gfs;
2. xUtupd; vz;zk; rk;ge;jg;glhj Gw kjpg;Gfs;
kjpg;Gfs; NkYk; ,uz;L tiffshfg; gpupf;fg;gLfpd;wd.
1. ,ae;jpukhd kjpg;Gfs;
2. ,aw;ifahd kjpg;Gfs;

Ma;tpd; Njit kw;Wk; Kf;fpaj;Jtk;

,d;iwa fhyf;fl;lj;jpy; fyhr;rhuk; ehSf;F ehs; khwpf;nfhz;Nl tUfpd;wJ. ,j;jifa epiyapy; cau;epiyg;gs;sp khztu;fspd; ey;nyhOf;fk;> ew;gof;fq;fs;> Rafl;Lg;ghL> Neu;ikahf ele;Jnfhs;Sjy;> gpwuplk; md;G ghuhl;Ljy;> ey;nyhOf;f newpfis gpd;gw;Wjy;> cly;eyk; NgZjy; Nghd;w Fzq;fis rpWtajpNyNa fw;Wj;ju Ntz;Lk;. ,jpy; ngw;Nwhupd; gq;F Kf;fpaj;Jtk; ngWfpwJ. ,f;fUj;jpd; mbg;gilapy; ,t;tha;T Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLfpwJ.

Ma;tpd; jiyg;G

cau;epiyg;gs;sp khztu;fspd; mwnewp tpOkq;fis typAWj;Jtjpy; ngw;Nwhupd; gq;F

Ma;T jiyg;gpd; tpsf;fq;fs;

Ma;thsupd; fUj;Jg;gb Ma;Tj; jiyg;gpd; tpsf;fq;fs; tiuaWf;fg;gl;Ls;sd. cau;epiyg;gs;sp khztu;fs;> jf;fiy fy;tp khtl;lj;jpYs;s muR> muR cjtpg;ngWk; kw;Wk; jdpahu; gs;spfspy; gapYk; cau;epiyg;gs;sp khztu;fs; Ma;Tf;F Nju;T nra;ag;gl;Ls;shu;fs;.

Ma;tpd; Nehf;fq;fs;

ghypdj;jpd; mbg;gilapy; cau;epiyg;gs;sp khztu;fspd; mwnewp tpOkq;fspy; ngw;Nwhupd; gq;F Kf;fpaj;Jtk; ngWfpwjh vdf; fz;lwpjy;.
gapw;W nkhopapd; mbg;gilapy; cau;epiyg;gs;sp khztu;fspd; mwnewp tpOkq;fis typAWj;Jtjpy; ngw;Nwhupd; gq;F NtWgLfpd;wdth vdf; fz;lwpjy;.
FLk;gj;jpd; jd;ik mbg;gilapy; cau;epiy khztu;fspd; mwnewp tpOkq;fis typtWj;Jtjpy; ngw;Nwhupd; gq;F NtWgLfpd;wdth vdf; fz;lwpjy;.

,d;ikf;fUJNfhs;

1. cau;epiyg;gs;sp khzt khztpfSf;fpilNa mtu;jk; mwnewp tpOkq;fspd; gupzhkq;fshd ngw;Nwhu;> jfty; (m) fUj;J gfpu;jy;> jd;dhu;tk;> tPl;by; fy;tp> KbntLf;Fk; jpwd;> rKjha njhlu;G Mfpatw;wpy; Fwpg;gplj;jf;f NtWghL ,y;iy.
2. cau;epiyg;gs;sp jkpo;top kw;Wk; Mq;fpyk; top gapYk; khzhf;fu;fpilNa mtu;jk; mwnewp tpOkq;fspd; gupzhkq;fshd ngw;Nwhu;> jfty; (m) fUj;Jgfpu;jy;> jd;dhu;tk;> tPl;by; fy;tp> KbntLf;Fk; jpwd;> rKjha njhlu;G> xl;Lnkhj;j mwnewp tpOkq;fspy; Fwpg;gplj;jf;f NtWghL ,y;iy.
3. cau;epiyg;gs;sp jdpf;FLk;gk; kw;Wk; $l;Lf;FLk;gj;jpy; trpf;Fk; khztu;fspilNa mtu;jk; mwnewp tpOkq;fspd; gupkhzq;fshd ngw;Nwhu;> jfty;(m)fUj;Jgfpu;jy;> jd;dhu;tk;> tPl;by; fy;tp> KbntLf;Fk; jpwd;> rKjha njhlu;G> xl;Lnkhj;j mwnewp tpOkq;fspy; Fwpg;gplj;jf;f NtWghL ,y;iy.

kf;fs;njhif kw;Wk; khjpup

Ma;thsu; jf;fiy fy;tp khtl;lj;ij ,Ug;gplkhff; nfhz;Ls;sjhy; mq;Fs;s muR kw;Wk; muR cjtp ngWk; gs;spfspy; cs;s cau;epiyg;gs;sp khztu;fs; 300 Ngu; ,t;tha;tpw;F khjpupahfj; Nju;e;njLf;fg;gl;ldu;.

gad;ggLj;jg;gl;l tpdhg;gl;bay; fUtp

Ma;thsu; “cau;epiyg;s;sp khzu;fspd; mwnewp tpOkq;fis typAWj;Jtjpy; ngw;Nwhupd; gq;F” vd;Wk; Ma;Tf;F gad;gLj;jpa Ma;Tf;fUtp tpdhepuy; MFk;.

Kfj;Njhw;wk; Vw;Gilik

ghlj;Jiwj; njhlu;ghd ty;Yeu; NknyOe;j thupahf Xu; Ma;Tf;fUtpia tpiuthf ghu;j;J jkJ fUj;ijf; $WtJk; mij mbg;gilahff; nfhz;L fUtp Vw;GilaJ vd;W nfhs;SjYk; Kfj;Njhw;w Vw;Gilik vdg;gLk;. Ma;tpw;fhd Ma;Tf;fUtpahdJ MaH MQ;QpRthkp fy;tpapay; fy;Y}up NguhrphpaHfs; kw;Wk; Ma;T newpahsuhy; newpg;gLj;jy;gl;L jahhpf;fg;gl;Ls;sjhy; Ma;Tf;fUtpahdJ Kfj;Njhw;wk; Vw;Gilikiag; ngw;Ws;sJ.

ek;gfj; jd;ik

xU NrhjidahdJ vj;jid Kiw elj;jg;gl;lhYk; xNu tpjkhd mstPLfisj; jhd; ju Ntz;Lk;. ek;gpf;iff;Fupa mstPLfisNa xU Nrhjid elj;jpdhYk; jUkhdhy; mr;Nrhjid ek;gfj;jd;ik cilajhFk;. Ma;thsH jk; Ma;tpw;fhf Kl;lk; rfy GdpjH Nky;epiyg; gs;sp khzth;fspilNa Nrhjid kw;Wk; kW Nrhjid Kiwapid elj;jp kjpg;gpl;L fpilj;j kjpg;ngz;fis njhlHGnfhO #j;jpuj;ijg; gad;gLj;jpf; fzf;fpl;Ls;sdH. mt;thuhf fzf;fplg;gl;l ,t;tha;T fUtpapd; ek;gfj;jd;ikapd; kjpg;G 0.76 MFk;.

Ma;tpw;F Nju;T nra;ag;gl;l ,lk;

Ma;tpw;fhf fd;dpahFkup khtl;lj;jpYs;s jf;fiy fy;tpkhtl;lk; Nju;e;njLf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ.

rjtPjg; gFg;gha;T

cau;epiyg;gs;sp khztu;fspd; mwnewp tpOkq;fspd; msitf; fhzy;.

ml;ltiz 1

cau;epiyg;gs;sp khztu;fspd; mwnewp tpOkq;fspd; msT

khwpfs;ruhrupf;F fPo;ruhrupruhrupf;F Nky;
vz;%vz;%vz;%
ngw;Nwhu;5317.721471.43311.0
jfty; (m) fUj;J gfpu;jy;3712.323177.03210.7
jd;dhu;tk;6120.323277.372.3
t|Pl;by; fy;tp4916.318762.36421.3
KbntLf;Fk; jpwd;7224.014548.38327.7
rKjhaj; njhlu;G7424.721872.782.7
mwnewp tpOkq;fs;5217.321170.33712.3

Nkw;$wpa ml;ltizapd;gb cau;epiyg;gs;sp khztu;fspd; ngw;Nwhupd; mwnewp tpOkj;jpy; 17.7% khzhf;fu;fs; ruhrupf;F fPOk;> 71.3% khzhf;fu;fs; ruhrupapYk;> 11.0% khzhf;fu;fs;> ruhrupf;F NkYk; mwnewp tpOkq;fis ngw;Ws;sdu;.
jfty; (m) fUj;J gfpu;jypd; gb 12.3% khzhf;fu;fs; ruhrupf;F fPOk;> 77.0% khzhf;fu;fs; ruhrupapYk;> 10.7% khzhf;fu;fs; ruhrupf;F NkYk; mwnewp tpOkq;fis ngw;Ws;sdu;.
jd;dhu;tj;jpd;gb 20.3% khzhf;fu;fs; ruhrupf;F fPOk;> 77.3% khzhf;fu;fs; ruhrupapYk;> 2.3% khzhf;fu;fs; ruhrupf;F NkYk; mwnewp tpOkq;fis ngw;Ws;sdu;.
tPl;by; fy;tpapd;gb 16.3% khzhf;fu;fs; ruhrupf;F fPOk;> 62.3% khzhf;fu;fs; ruhrupapYk;> 21.3% khzhf;fu;fs; ruhrupf;F NkYk; mwnewp tpOkq;fis ngw;Ws;sdu;.
KbntLf;Fk; jpwdpd;gb 24.0% khzhf;fu;fs; ruhrupf;F fPOk;> 48.3% khzhf;fu;fs; ruhrupapYk;> 27.7% khzhf;fu;fs; ruhrupf;F NkYk; mwnewp tpOkq;fis ngw;Ws;sdu;.
rKjha njhlu;gpd;gb 24.7% khzhf;fu;fs; ruhrupf;F fPOk;> 72.7% khzhf;fu;fs; ruhrupapYk;> 2.7% khzhf;fu;fs; ruhrupf;F NkYk; mwnewp tpOkq;fis ngw;Ws;sdu;.
xl;Lnkhj;j mwnewp tpOkq;fspy; 17.3% khzhf;fu;fs; ruhrupf;F fPOk;> 70.3% khzhf;fu;fs; ruhrupapYk; 12.3% khzhf;fu;fs; ruhrupf;F NkYk; mwnewp tpOkq;fis ngw;Ws;sdu;.

ml;ltiz 2

ghypdj;jpd; mbg;gilapy; cau;epiyg;gs;sp khztu;fspd; mwnewp tpOkq;fspd; msT

khwpfs;ghypdk;ruhrupf;F fPo;ruhrupruhrupf;F Nky;
vz;%vz;%vz;%
ngw;Nwhu;Mz;2914.715176.6178.6
ngz;2423.36361.21615.5
jfty;(m)fUj;J gfpu;jy;Mz;2412.214774.62613.2
ngz;1312.68481.665.8
jd;dhu;tk;Mz;4723.914774.631.5
ngz;1413.68582.543.9
tPl;by; fy;tpMz;3517.811859.94422.3
ngz;1413.66967.02019.4
KbntLf;Fk; jpwd;Mz;5025.48844.75929.9
ngz;2221.45755.32423.3
rKjhaj; njhlu;GMz;5728.913367.573.6
ngz;1716.58582.511.0
xl;Lnkhj;j mwnewp tpOkq;fs;Mz;3618.314071.12110.7
ngz;1615.57168.91615.5

Nkw;$wpa ml;ltizapd;gb ghypdj;jpd; mbg;gilapy; ngw;Nwhupy; Mzfs; 14.7% kw;Wk; ngz;fs; 23.3% ruhrupf;F fPOk;> Mz;fs; 76.6% kw;Wk; ngz;fs; 61.2% ruhrupapYk;> Mz;fs; 8.6% kw;Wk; ngz;fs; 15.5% ruhrupf;F NkYk; mwnewp tpOkq;fis ngw;Ws;sdu;.
,jpy; ruhrupf;F mjpfkhd epiyapy; ngz;fistpl Mz;fNs mjpfkhd ngw;Nwhiu ngw;Ws;sdu;.
ghypdj;jpd; mbg;gilapy; jfty;(m) fUj;J gfpu;jypy; Mz;fs; 12.2% kw;Wk; ngz;fs; 12.6% ruhrupf;F fPOk;> Mz;fs; 74.6% kw;Wk; ngz;fs; 81.6% ruhrupapYk;> Mz;fs; 13.2 % kw;Wk; ngz;fs; 5.8% ruhrupf;F NkYk; mwnewp tpOkq;fis ngw;Ws;sdu;.
,jpy; ruhrupf;F mjpfkhd epiyapy; Mz;fistpl ngz;fNs mjpfkhd jfty;(m)fUj;J gfpu;jiy ngw;Ws;sdu;.
ghypdj;jpd; mbg;gilapy; jd;dhu;tj;jpy; Mz;fs; 23.9% kw;Wk; ngz;fs; 13.6% ruhrupf;F fPOk;> Mz;fs; 74.6% kw;Wk; ngz;fs; 82.5% ruhrupapYk;> Mz;fs; 1.5% kw;Wk; ngz;fs; 3.9% ruhrupf;F NkYk; mwnewp tpOkq;fis ngw;Ws;sdu;.
,jpy; ruhrupf;F mjpfkhd epiyapy; Mz;fistpl ngz;fNs mjpfkhd jd;dhu;tj;ij ngw;Ws;sdu;.
ghypdj;jpd; mbg;gilapy; tPl;by; fy;tpapy; Mz;fs; 17.8% kw;Wk; ngz;fs; 13.6% ruhrupf;F fPOk;> Mz;fs; 59.9% kw;Wk; ngz;fs; 67.0% ruhrupapYk;> Mz;fs; 22.3% kw;Wk; ngz;fs; 19.4% ruhrupf;F NkYk; mwnewp tpOkq;fis ngw;Ws;sdu;.
,jpy; ruhrupf;F mjpfkhd epiyapy; Mz;fistpl ngz;fNs mjpfkhd tPl;by; fy;tpia ngw;Ws;sdu;.
ghypdj;jpd; mbg;gilapy; KbntLf;Fk; jpwdpy; Mz;fs; 25.4% kw;Wk; ngz;fs; 21.4% ruhrupf;F fPOk;> Mz;fs; 44.7% kw;Wk; ngz;fs; 55.3% ruhrupapYk;> Mz;fs; 29.9% kw;Wk; ngz;fs; 23.3% ruhrupf;F NkYk; mwnewp tpOkq;fis ngw;Ws;sdu;.
,jpy; ruhrupf;F mjpfkhd epiyapy; ngz;fistpl Mz;fNs mjpfkhd KbntLf;Fk; jpwid ngw;Ws;sdu;.
ghypdj;jpd; mbg;gilapy; rKjha njhlu;gpy; Mz;fs; 28.9% kw;Wk; ngz;fs; 16.5% ruhrupf;F fPOk;> Mz;fs; 67.5% kw;Wk; ngz;fs; 82.5% ruhrupapYk;> Mz;fs; 3.6% kw;Wk; ngz;fs; 1.0% ruhrupf;F NkYk; mwnewp tpOkq;fis ngw;Ws;sdu;.
,jpy; ruhrupf;F mjpfkhd epiyapy; ngz;fistpl Mz;fNs mjpfkhd rKjha njhlu;gpid ngw;Ws;sdu;.
ghypdj;jpd; mbg;gilapy; xl;Lnkhj;j mwnewp tpOkq;fspy; Mz;fs; 18.3% kw;Wk; ngz;fs; 15.5% ruhrupf;F fPOk;> Mz;fs; 71.1% kw;Wk; ngz;fs; 68.9% ruhrupapYk;> Mz;fs; 10.7% kw;Wk; ngz;fs; 15.5% ruhrupf;F NkYk; mwnewp tpOkq;fis ngw;Ws;sdu;.
,jpy; ruhrupf;F mjpfkhd epiyapy; Mz;fistpl ngz;fNs mjpfkhd xl;Lnkhj;j mwnewp tpOkq;fis ngw;Ws;sdu;.

,d;ikf;fUJNfhs; 1

cau;epiyg;gs;sp khzt khztpfSf;fpilNa mtu;jk; mwnewp tpOkq;fspd; gupzhkq;fshd ngw;Nwhu;> jfty; (m) fUj;J gfpu;jy;> jd;dhu;tk;> tPl;by; fy;tp> KbntLf;Fk; jpwd;> rKjha njhlu;G Mfpatw;wpy; Fwpg;gplj;jf;f NtWghL ,y;iy.

ml;ltiz 3

ghypd mbg;gilapy; cau;epiyg;gs;sp khztu;fspd; mwnewp tpOkq;fspd; NtWghLfs

gupzhkq;fs;ghypdk;vz;zpf;ifruhrupjpl;l tpyf;fk;‘t’ d; kjpg;GFwpg;Gfs;
ngw;Nwhu;Mz;19736.853.5420.93Fwpg;gplj;jf;f NtWghL ,y;iy
ngz;10336.894.268
jfty; (m) fUj;J gfpu;jy;Mz;19720.422.5190.107Fwpg;gplj;jf;f NtWghL ,y;iy
ngz;10320.392.525
jd;dhu;tk;Mz;19719.072.1381.235Fwpg;gplj;jf;f NtWghL ,y;iy
ngz;10319.392.152
tPl;by; fy;tpMz;19718.122.5470.825Fwpg;gplj;jf;f NtWghL ,y;iy
ngz;10318.362.210
rKjhaj; njhlu;GMz;19715.692.1951.945Fwpg;gplj;jf;f NtWghL ,y;iy
ngz;10316.171.968
xl;Lnkhj;j mwnewp tpOkq;fs;Mz;197128.8610.3280.907Fwpg;gplj;jf;f NtWghL ,y;iy
ngz;103130.0711.390

(0.05% epiyapy; tiuaw;w ghifapd; kjpg;G 1.97)

Nkw;fz;l ml;ltizapd;gb fzf;fplg;gl;l ngw;Nwhu; (0.093)> jfty; (m) fUj;J gfpu;jy; (0.107)> jd;dhu;tk; (1.235)> tPl;by; fy;tp (0.825)> KbntLf;Fk; jpwd; (0.568)> xl;Lnkhj;j mwnewp tpOkq;fs; (0.902) epiyapy; ml;ltiz kjpg;G 1.97 I tpl Fiwthf ,Ug;gjdhy; ,d;ikf; fUJNfhs; Vw;Wf;nfhs;sg;gLfpwJ.
vdNt cau;epiyg;gs;sp khzt> khztpfspilNa mwnewp tpOkq;fspy; gupkhzq;fshd ngw;Nwhu;> jfty;(m)fUj;J gfpu;jy;> jd;dhu;tk;> tPl;by; fy;tp> KbntLf;Fk; jpwd;> rKjha njhlu;G kw;Wk; xl;Lnkhj;j mwnewp tpOkq;fspy; Fwpg;gplj;jf;f NtWghL ,y;iy.

,d;ikf; fUJNfhs; 2

cau;epiyg;gs;sp jkpo;top kw;Wk; Mq;fpyk; top gapYk; khzhf;fu;fpilNa mtu;jk; mwnewp tpOkq;fspd; gupzhkq;fshd ngw;Nwhu;> jfty; (m) fUj;Jgfpu;jy;> jd;dhu;tk;> tPl;by; fy;tp> KbntLf;Fk; jpwd;> rKjha njhlu;G> xl;Lnkhj;j mwnewp tpOkq;fspy; Fwpg;gplj;jf;f NtWghL ,y;iy.

ml;ltiz 4

gapw;Wnkhop mbg;gilapy; cau;epiyg;gs;sp khztu;fspd; mwnewp tpOkq;fspd; NtWghLfs;

gupkhzq;fs;gapw;W nkhopvz;zpf;ifruhrupjpl;l tpyf;fk;‘t’ d; kjpg;GFwpg;Gfs;
ngw;Nwhu;jkpo;27036.293.48812.673Fwpg;gplj;jf;f NtWghL cs;sJ.
Mq;fpyk;3042.072.212
jfty; (m) fUj;J gfpu;jy;jkpo;27020.292.5563.281Fwpg;gplj;jf;f NtWghL cs;sJ
Mq;fpyk;3021.501.834
jd;dhu;tk;jkpo;27019.062.1633.706Fwpg;gplj;jf;f NtWghL cs;sJ
Mq;fpyk;3020.271.639
tPl;by; fy;tpjkpo;27018.092.5304.287Fwpg;gplj;jf;f NtWghL cs;sJ.
Mq;fpyk;3019.231.194
KbntLf;Fk; jpwd;jkpo;27018.692.3033.012Fwpg;gplj;jf;f NtWghL cs;sJ.
Mq;fpyk;3019.471.196
rKjhaj; njhlu;Gjkpo;27015.712.1535.321Fwpg;gplj;jf;f NtWghL cs;sJ.
Mq;fpyk;3017.171.315
xl;Lnkhj;j mwnewp tpOkq;fs;jkpo;270128.1110.57811.540Fwpg;gplj;jf;f NtWghL cs;sJ
Mq;fpyk;30139.704.219

(0.05% epiyapy; tiuaw;w ghifapd; kjpg;G 1.97)

Nkw;fz;l ml;ltizapd;gb fzf;fplg;gl;l ngw;Nwhu; (12.673)> jfty;(m)fUj;J gfpu;jy; (3.281)> jd;dhu;tk; (3.706)> tPl;by; fy;tp (4.287)> KbntLf;Fk; jpwd; (3.012)> rKjhj;njhlu;G (5.321)> xl;Lnkhj;j mwnewp tpOkq;fs; (11.540) epiyapy; ml;ltiz kjpg;G 1.97-I tpl mjpfkhf ,Ug;gjdhy; ,d;ikf;fUJNfhs; epuhfupf;fg;gLfpwJ.
vdNt cau;epiyg;gs;sp jkpo;top kw;Wk; Mq;fpytop gapYk; khzt khztpfSf;fpilNa mtu;jk; mwnewp tpOkq;fshd ngw;Nwhu;> jfty;(m)fUj;Jgfpu;jy;> jd;dhu;tk;> tPl;by; fy;tp> rKjhaj; njhlu;G> xl;Lnkhj;j mwnewp tpOkq;fspy; Fwpg;gplj;jf;f NtWghL cs;sJ.

,d;ikf; fUJNfhs; 3

jdpf;FLk;gk; kw;Wk; $l;Lf;FLk;gj;jpy; trpf;Fk; cau;epiyg;gs;sp khztu;fspilNa mtu;jk; mwnewp tpOkq;fspd; gupkhzq;fshd ngw;Nwhu;> jfty;(m)fUj;Jgfpu;jy;> jd;dhu;tk;> tPl;by; fy;tp> KbntLf;Fk; jpwd;> rKjha njhlu;G> xl;Lnkhj;j mwnewp tpOkq;fspy; Fwpg;gplj;jf;f NtWghL ,y;iy

ml;ltiz 5

FLk;gj;jpd; tif mbg;gilapy; cau;epiyg;gs;sp khztu;fspd; mwnewp tpOkq;fspd; NtWghLfs

gupkhzq;fs;FLk;gj;jpd; tifvz;zpf;ifRuhrupjpl;l tpyf;fk;‘t’ d;  kjpg;GFwpg;Gfs;
ngw;Nwhu;jdpf;FLk;gk;23036.743.8161.037Fwpg;gplj;jf;f NtWghL ,y;iy
$l;Lf;FLk;gk;7037.273.745
jfty; (m) fUj;J gfpu;jy;jdpf;FLk;gk;23020.402.6030.76Fwpg;gplj;jf;f NtWghL ,y;iy
$l;Lf;FLk;gk;7020.432.230
jd;dhu;tk;jdpf;FLk;gk23019.142.1760.501Fwpg;gplj;jf;f NtWghL ,y;iy
$l;Lf;FLk;gk;7019.292.051
tPl;by; fy;tpjdpf;FLk;gk;23018.262.4490.677Fwpg;gplj;jf;f NtWghL ,y;iy
$l;Lf;FLk;gk;7018.032.473
KbntLf;Fk; jpwd;

 

jdpf;FLk;gk;23018.862.2211.371Fwpg;gplj;jf;f NtWghL ,y;iy
$l;Lf;FLk;gk;7018.442.237
rKjhaj; njhlu;Gjdpf;FLk;gk;23015.912.1930.826Fwpg;gplj;jf;f NtWghL ,y;iy
$l;Lf;FLk;gk;7015.691.908
xl;Lnkhj;j mwnewp tpOkq;fs;jdpf;FLk;gk;230129.3111.0230.125Fwpg;gplj;jf;f NtWghL ,y;iy
$l;Lf;FLk;gk;70129.149.640

(0.05% epiyapy; tiuaw;w ghifapd; kjpg;G 1.97)

Nkw;fz;l ml;ltizapd;gb fzf;fplg;gl;l ngw;Nwhu; (1.037)> jfty; (m) fUj;J gfpu;jy; (0.76)> jd;dhu;tk; (0.501)> tPl;by; fy;tp (0.677)> KbntLf;Fk; jpwd; (1.371)> rKjha njhlu;G (0.826)> xl;Lnkhj;j mwnewp tpOkq;fs; (1.125) epiyapy; ml;ltiz kjpg;G 1.97 I tpl Fiwthf ,Ug;gjdhy; ,d;ikf; fUJNfhs; Vw;Wf;nfhs;sg;gLfpwJ.
vdNt jdpf;FLk;gk; kw;Wk; $l;Lf;FLk;gj;jpy; trpf;Fk; cau;epiyg;gs;sp khzt> khztpfspilNa mwnewp tpOkq;fspy; gupkhzq;fshd ngw;Nwhu;> jfty;(m)fUj;J gfpu;jy;> jd;dhu;tk;> tPl;by; fy;tp> KbntLf;Fk; jpwd;> rKjha njhlu;G kw;Wk; xl;Lnkhj;j mwnewp tpOkq;fspy; Fwpg;gplj;jf;f NtWghL ,y;iy

Ma;tpy; fz;lwpe;j cz;ikfs;

• cau;epiyg;gs;sp khzhf;fu;fspd; ghypd mbg;gilapy; ngw;Nwhu;> jfty;(m)fUj;J gfpu;jy;> jd;dhu;tk;> tPl;by; fy;tp> KbntLf;Fk; jpwd; kw;Wk; rKjhaj;njhlu;gpy; Fwpg;gplj;jf;f NtWghL cs;sJ.
• jkpo; kw;Wk; Mq;fpyk; gapw;Wnkhop cau;epiyg;gs;sp khztu;fspd; ngw;Nwhu;> jfty;(m)fUj;J gfpu;jy;> jd;dhu;tk;> tPl;by; fy;tp> KbntLf;Fk; jpwd;> rKjha njhlu;G kw;Wk; xl;Lnkhj;j mwnewp tpOkq;fspy; Fwpg;gplj;jf;f NtWghL cs;sJ.
• jdpf;FLk;gk; kw;Wk; $l;Lf;FLk;gj;jpy; trpf;Fk; cau;epiyg;gs;sp khztu;fspd; ngw;Nwhu;> jfty;(m)fUj;J gfpu;jy;> jd;dhu;tk;> tPl;by; fy;tp> KbntLf;Fk; jpwd;> rKjha njhlu;G kw;Wk; xl;Lnkhj;j mwnewp tpOkq;fspy; Fwpg;gplj;jf;f NtWghL ,y;iy.

Ma;tpd; tpsf;fq;fs;

jkpo; kw;Wk; Mq;fpyk; gapw;W nkhop thapyhf gapYk; cau;epiyg;gs;sp khztu;fSf;fpilNa mwnewp tpOkq;fspy; Fwpg;gplj;jf;f NtWghL cs;sJ. jkpo; nkhop thapyhf gapYk; khztu;fisf; fhl;bYk; Mq;fpyk; top gapYk; khztu;fspd; ngw;Nwhu;fs; nghUshjhu trjpfspy; Nkk;gl;L ,Ug;gJ fhuzkhf ,Uf;fyhk;.

KbTiu

mwnewp tpOkq;fs; vd;gJ xU rl;lNkh Nfhl;ghNlh my;y. khwhf tho;f;ifapy; xt;nthU kdpjDk; gpd;gw;w Ntz;ba xU newpKiw. ,j;jifa tho;f;if newpKiw %yk; jdpkdpj tpLjiy ngw;W> gpd; r%f tpLjiyf;Fk;> r%f khw;wj;jpw;Fk; ,l;Lr; nry;Yk;. vdNt ngw;Nwhu;fs; jq;fs; Foe;ijfSf;F ey;kjpg;ig fw;Wf;nfhLg;gjd; %yk; Foe;ijfsplk; cs;s epiwfis cupa Neuj;jpy; Rl;bf;fhl;b ghuhl;l Ntz;Lk;. vy;yhtw;wpw;Fk; Nkyhf ,iw mr;rj;ij Cl;b Foe;ijfis tsu;f;f Ntz;Lk;. Vnddpy; mwnewp tpOkq;fis typAWj;Jtjpy; ngw;Nwhupd; gq;F Kf;fpaj;Jtk; ngWfpwJ.

ghu;it E}y;fs;


(1). ehfuh[d;. fp.;> (2011)> fy;tp Muha;r;rp newpKiwfs;> nrd;id: ,uhk;gjpg;gfk;.
(2). rha;Fkhup. f.> (2008)> kjpg;Gzu;T fy;tp nrd;id: rhe;jh gg;sp\u;];.
(3). Kulbir Singh Sidhu, (1984), Methodology of research in education, New Delhi: Sterling Publishers Pvt. Ltd.
(4). Satish C.Chadha, (2014), Educational values and value education, Meerut: Vinay Rakheja Publication.
(5). Saini. A.S., (2014), Value System, Delhi: Dominant Publishers.
(6). Vanaja & Vijaya Bharathi.D, (2008), Value-oriented education, New Delhi: Neelkamal Publications Pvt. Ltd.

 

To cite this article


அருள், எஸ்., & ஜுபிற்றா, ஜா. (2018). cau;epiyg;gs;sp khztu;fspd; mwnewp tpOkq;fis typAWj;jJtjpy; ngw;Nwhupd; gq;F. Sparkling International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research Studies, 1(1), 30-37.