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THE RYOTWARI SYSTEM OF BRITISH ADMINISTRATION IN MADRAS PRESIDENCY

* Gomathi, M., &  ** Esther, D.

*Research Scholar, Reg No: 17223281052016, Women’s Christian College, Nagercoil,  Affiliated to Manonmaniam Sundaranar University,  Tirunelveli, Tamilnadu, India.

**Associate Professor, Department of History, Womens Christian College, Nagercoil, Affiliated to Manonmaniam Sundaranar University, Tirunelveli, Tamilnadu, India.

Abstract


Land Revenue is the principal source of finance for Company administration in India.  In order to bring about stability in agriculture, the British introduced land settlement in 1793.  In Bengal and neighbouring areas “Permanent settlement” was introduced.  The settlement raised the status of revenue collectors to that of private landlords.  It fixed land revenue in perpetuity.  This was called the Zamindari System.  Another land system was evolved for a large part of Bombay and Madras. This system is called “Ryotwari system”.  According to this system, each peasant holding a plot of land was recognized as the landlord and made directly responsible to the state for the annual payment of land revenue.  The Ryotwari system was vigorously implemented in the Madras Presidency during the administration of Governor Munroe (1820-1827). This system reduced the assessment to one-third of produce.  The Government adopted the provisions of the system strictly and collected the tax regularly even during the time of famine, droughts, floods, etc.  Due to practical difficulties, this system was failed.

Keywords


ryotwari system, land revenue, company administration, british india, government, madras presidency, landlord, tenants.

References


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Nilamani Mukherjee, The Ryotwari System in Madras (1792-1827), Calcutta, 1962, p.153.

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To cite this article


Gomathi, M., &  Esther, D. (2020). The Ryotwari System of British Administration in Madras Presidency. John Foundation Journal of EduSpark, 2(2), 38-49.

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