Sparkling_v3i3_July-September 2020
September 30, 2020

John Foundation Journal of EduSpark

(A Quarterly Peer Reviewed/Refereed Multidisciplinary Journal)

Volume 2 Issue 3 July - September 2020

COVID-19 CONFINEMENT IN NIGERIA: A CONSEQUENCE FOR INCREASED VIOLENT EXTREMISM AMONG YOUTHS

Angela Oyilieze Akanwa

Faculty of Environmental Sciences, Department of Environmental Management, Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University (COOU), P.M.B. 02 Uli, Campus, Anambra State, Nigeria.

Abstract


COVID-19 virus has been spreading at an increasing rate and rapid death cases occurring around the globe. Nigeria records showed over 58 thousand confirmed cases, and more than 50 thousand recoveries, and 1,112 deaths (NCDC 2020). The mandated confinement has disrupted socio-economic and entertainment activities bringing a lot of insecurities among Nigerian youths. This has resulted in a vagary of violent actions mostly among unemployed youths. Hence, this paper reviewed COVID-19 confinement, and its consequences on violent extremism among youths in Nigeria, and also sustainable measures were provided. This paper employed a secondary source of data and a descriptive approach. This paper pointed out that Nigeria’s population is youth-dominated with over 42.54% and the dependency ratio is at 88.2% per 100 non-dependents of over 200 million Nigerians. The concept of counter and prevention of violent extremism, C/PVE was applied as a pathway to address the eco-social, and health inequalities experienced by the vulnerable youth community in Nigeria during the restriction. Findings revealed that violent occurrences in Nigeria have been re-occurring though it was mostly driven by religious, political, and socio-economic factors. Further, the paper showed that there were pre-existing high levels of poverty, food insecurity, and unemployment in the nation before the pandemic. This paper suggested the critical need for innovative interventions to cushion the short-term issues of COVID-19 (virus spread and deaths) and provision of infrastructures, education, digital-employment, engagement among others as sustainable solutions to prevent violent actions and keep youths engaged against future pandemic occurrences while national peace and security is guaranteed.

Keywords


COVID-19, Violence extremism, confinement, socio-economic drivers and youth groups

SHAPING THE BONSAI: THE MULTIPLICITY OF PATRIARCHAL ROOTS IN MAHESH DATTANI’S BRAVELY FOUGHT THE QUEEN

Smitakshi Chowdhury

Assistant Professor, Department of English, L.J.D. College, Falta, West Bengal, India.

Abstract


‘Bravely Fought the Queen’ deals with shades of patriarchy inherent within the Indian familial structure. The focus is not just on the subjugation of women, but also of men. The women characters lead vacuous lives, beneath the veneer of sophistication. They are bound and shaped by patriarchal forces, just like a bonsai is shaped into will by the owner. The men fit into four different categories of masculinity as analyzed by Raewyn Connell. The bonsai makes an appearance repeatedly and is used as a symbol to present how patriarchy is perpetuated down generations by agents both male and female.

Keywords


shaping, bonsai, multiplicity, roots, bravely, queen.

CHANGING CUSTOMER PSYCHOLOGY AND PREFERENCES FOR FAST FOOD RESTAURANTS DURING LOCKDOWN IN MUMBAI

Sarika Patwardhan

Assistant Professor, R.A. Podar College of Commerce and Economics, Mumbai, India.

Abstract


Post lockdown Consumer’s attitudes, behaviors, and buying habits are changing and many of these new ways will remain post-pandemic. The present paper attempts to analyze Indian consumers, psychology, and preferences towards outside food in lockdown with the help of a survey conducted nearby my area (50) people. The findings of this study suggest how psychology and preferences of consumers converge, and their relative effects on their fast food eating patterns. The study proposes 2 factors that evolve out of responses of consumers towards 50, variables that a consumer normally faces. The first factor i.e. – consumers ordering food from restaurants advocates three segments restaurant viz. “Discounts,” “taste” and, depending on their tastes, “experience seekers.” And second-factor consumers are not opting to buy direct food from the restaurant but are willing to buy raw food and cook it at home.

Keywords


consumer preferences, lockdown, COVID – 19, fast food.

CORONAVIRUS AND LOCKDOWN: SHEDDING A LIGHT ON THE UNSUNG ‘HEROES’, IN THE NAME OF WOMEN MIGRANT WORKERS

* Stuti Chakraborty, &  ** Anuja Das

*Research Scholar, Jadavpur University, Kolkata, West Bengal, India.

** Scholar, Department of Sociology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Abstract


The atrocious pandemic that has taken a toll on various issues of the people including their economic-psycho-social circumstances is inconspicuously disrupting the lives of migrant workers, on a large scale. This article throws light on the wretched circumstances of the migrant workers, especially the difficulties faced by the women migrant workers, amidst the pandemic along with the condition of women migrant workers in recent years, and how Covid-19 and lockdown have impacted them overall, specifically their physical and mental health, with the understanding of how their condition has worsened because of the pandemic and what measures should be taken for the welfare of their psycho-social health. This is a descriptive and qualitative study, focusing mainly on secondary data, which have been taken from several National data sources. Findings of the paper shows, the migrant workers, without whom the betterment of the economic and social structure is unthinkable, is catastrophic. The unheard voice of these migrant workers and they have been struggling with multifaceted forms of discrimination, including gender-specific issues with migration policies and protection, combating violence, Xenophobia. Overall the humanitarian crisis along with the medical crisis has devoured the lives of migrant workers in India.

Keywords


migrant workers, women migrant workers, mental health, psycho-social health, women, COVID-19, lockdown

NATURE OF ECONOMIC SLOWDOWN IN INDIA

Keerthana.B.S

Research Scholar, Department of Economics, University of Kerala, Thiruvanthapuram, India.

Abstract


The Indian economy was in a parlous state since demonetisation. The outbreak of the Covid-19 pandemic has added fuel to fire. The present tide of the slowdown is aching the people at the margin as they have lost their sources of income. The rate of unemployment is also mounting ever since demonetisation and now it is at the peak due to the three consecutive lockdowns to curb the spread of the pandemic. In this paper, we describe the state of the Indian economy since the demonetisation and the various factors that led to the economic slowdown.

Keywords


economic slowdown, Covid-19, pandemic, demonetisation, fiscal policy, flood, automobile industry, cooperate tax