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John Foundation Journal of EduSpark

(A Quarterly Peer Reviewed/Refereed Multidisciplinary Journal)

Volume 4 Issue 1 January - March 2022

WOMEN IN NATIVE LAND STRUGGLES OF AUSTRALIA AND INDIA: READING THE LIVES OF AUNTIE RITA AND C.K JANU

Muhsina Najeeb

Research Assistant, Department of Communication Arts, University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA.

Abstract


The struggles to regain lands and to ensure land rights of the aboriginal people had been in the pages of history since the beginning of colonisation. Campaigns for land were strengthened by the involvement of women to get back access to the dispossessed land of the original land holders. Europeans described the acquired lands as being ‘waste lands or deserts or uninhabited or unoccupied terrains’ as the aboriginal people were not even considered as human beings. Same is the case with the tribal people of Kerala. The subaltern groups of Dalits (the down-trodden group in the caste hierarchy in India) and Adivasis (the indigenous or aboriginal communities of India) have lost their lands due to illegal encroachments, land seizing, emergence of plantations and various government developmental projects. The women of these ostracised sections showcased great courage to resist and fight for their land rights. This study focuses on the role of women in native land struggles of Australia and India by the close reading of two selected life writing works – the biography of Rita Huggins (aka Auntie Rita) titled Auntie Rita (1994) and autobiography of C.K. Janu titled Mother Forest: The unfinished story of C.K. Janu (2004).

Keywords


land rights, dislocation, alienation, government, land struggles, aboriginal and dalit women.

A CONCEPTUAL STUDY OF DESIGN THINKING: AN OVERVIEW IN PRESENT PERSPECTIVE

*Meenakshi Kaushik, **Ravindra Kumar & *** Manu Kaushik

*Dean (Research), Trinity Institute of Innovations in Professional Studies (affiliated by Indraprastha College), Greater Noida, Uttar Pardesh, Uttar Pradesh, India.

**Director, Trinity Institute of Innovations in Professional Studies, Studies (affiliated by Indraprastha College), Greater Noida, Uttar Pardesh, Uttar Pradesh, India.

***BA (Hons) Journalism 1st year, Maharaja Agrasen College (affiliated by Delhi University), Ganpati Mandir Marg, Vasundhara Enclave, Delhi, India.

Abstract


This conceptual study on design thinking provides an overview of design thinking issue in present perspective as an innovative problem-solving approach and as a business model to explain design and design thinking concepts from the researcher’s point of view. The researchers have used descriptive research method to explain this popular concept and specially chosen this topic due to the increasingly? embraced by the world of business and business education over the last decade. The researcher has explained the design thinking as a human-centric problem-solving approach and as an iterative and a customer oriented approach  and emphasized on the fact that how design thinking has captured the imagination of practitioners and educators in a range of fields in recent years and has been applied by many successful companies to attain competitive advantage. This paper mainly focuses on what is design thinking and how various researchers have defined designed thinking concept and related issues in their research papers. It has also covered a few related aspects like design thinking as an integrated approach.

Keywords


design thinking, iterative process, wicked-problems, human-centred process, empathy, design thinking as an integrated approach.

RAY’S USE OF THE LIMINAL SPACE AND THE FEMALE GAZE : A READING OF OSCILLATING MORALITIES IN ‘CHARULATA’ AND ‘BIMALA’

Rajlekha Sil

Assistant Professor, Department of English, OmDayal Group of Institutions, Howrah, West Bengal, India.

Abstract


This paper aims to investigate Ray’s portrayal of liminality and the female gaze in Charulata (1964) and Ghare Baire (1984), both of which primarily articulate the stories of two women (Charu and Bimala respectively), entangled within the cobwebs of their seething, unfulfilled sexuality, amidst a newly-globalised urban culture, punctuated with political turmoils and ideological conflicts. Their tempestuous interactions with the societal space, both tangible and intangible, that surround them, and the men in their lives make them dwell in a liminal space, filled with an ambiguous sense of virtue. In Ray’s films, this sexual ambivalence is characterised by the liminality between the scenic and extrascenic spaces, which, in turn, defines the female gaze as the director’s lenses paint a picture of the new wave of socio-political and socio-cultural movements in the early twentieth-century Bengal. Brinda Bose’s essay on ‘Modernity, Globality, Sexuality, and the City: A Reading of Indian Cinema’, analyses the ‘necessary’ process of urbanisation as a marker of ‘moral degeneracy of the nation easily analogous with female sexual transgression/ promiscuity with the nation personified as a woman’, by using the concept of the liminal space, ‘a site of both empowerment through transgression and containment through regulation’. The research paper, however, would focus on the liminal space propagated by Ray through his contrasting depiction of scenic and extrascenic spaces to satiate the equivocal voices in Charu and Bimala, along with their way of ‘gazing’ into an equally dishevelled society – a gaze that helps them transcend the barriers of politics and urbanisation into a state of universal janiformity, symmetrical with their sexual immorality. The first section of the paper would explore Ray’s usage of these theatrical spaces through his character sketches, shots and dialogues, while the second section of the paper would delve into the ‘female gaze’on a newly revolutionised society.

Keywords


liminality between scenic and extra-scenic spaces: thoughts, words, poetry and speech in charulata and ghare baire.

IMPACT OF TELEVISION PROGRAMMES AND VALUE PERCEPTION ON HIGHER SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS

*Geetha, N., R. & **Jeba Deva Raj, V.

*Professor, Bethlahem College of Education, Karungal, Kanyakumari District, Tamil Nadu, India.

**M.Ed Student, Bethlahem College of Education, Karungal, Kanyakumari District, Tamil Nadu, India.

Abstract


The present study examined the Impact of Television Programmes and Value Perception on Higher Secondary School Students. The investigator adopted survey method for the present study. The tools used for the study were Impact of Television Programme Scale and Value Perception Scale constructed and validated by Dr.Veliappan and S.Soni. Data were collected from 314 students of different schools in Kanyakumari District. The statistical techniques used for the present study are ‘t’-test and correlation analysis. Results showed that there is significant relationship between Impact of Television Programmes and Value Perception on Higher Secondary School Students.

Keywords


television programme, value perception, higher secondary, school, students.

THE EXPLOITATION OF WOMEN AND SOCIAL CHANGE: AN ANALYTICAL STUDY OF NAWAL EL SAADAWI’S WOMAN AT POINT ZERO

Ashmi

Research scholar, Department of English, Bharathi Women’s College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

Abstract


In patriarchal societies like that of Egypt two centuries ago, women were characterized by rules and culture. During the late nineteenth century, women were kept only at indoors and treated differently than men.  Women throughout the world face inequity based on gender that leaves not only a physical scar but also a mental scar which is difficult to obliterate. Women have become aware of their importance and they have fought for their rights from long back and it is still prevalent because it has not been achieved yet. Nawal El-Saadawi in her novel Woman at Point Zero demonstrates that the women gender is extremely oppressed and culturally suppressed in the Arab society of Egypt. In Woman at Point Zero, El-Saadawi beautifully depicts the condition of Egyptian women especially Firdaus, who is the protagonist of the novel. Firdaus describes her complete life story which is full of misery and pain done to her by the men in her life and society. This novel also reveals that the position of women is still under men. Hence this article creates a bridge to close the gap that women are connected with each other no matter what country or race they belong to, through the pain that causes gender- based discrimination. Firdaus explains her story to El- Saadawi by putting light on different phases of life widespread in the society which dominate women at every means such as education, female genital mutilation, domestic violence, prostitution and self-emancipation.

Keywords


patriarchy, culture, discrimination, education, female mutilation, domestic attacks