Research Scholar, Centre for Sanskrit Vedic–Studies, Sree Sankaracharya University of Sanskrit, Kalady, Kerala, India.
In Vedic treatises, the seers or Ṛṣis are described as of variant types. They are considered as Mantradraṣṭā, Purohita, Kavi, Guru and Muni. The Ṛṣis are classified into different categories. They are Brahmarṣi, Devarṣi, Maharṣi, Paramarṣi, Śrutarṣi, Kāṇḍarṣi and Rājarṣi. The Vedic Ṛṣis are part of the ancient world order of sages connected to the Gods and to the Great Spirit or supreme Brahman beyond time and space. The Gotras of these Ṛṣis are also famous. There are different Ṛṣikulas in Vedic literature. This paper discusses about Vedic Ṛṣis and the different categories to which they belong. It also studies about Vedic Ṛṣis clan focusing on the prominent Gotras of the time.
prominent rṣis, rṣikulas, vedic period
Arthur Berriedele Keith, Ṛigveda Brāhmaṇas. Motilal Banarsidass. Varanasi, 1920.
Atharvaveda Saṃhita, Nagasaransing (E.d), Nag Publishers, Delhi, 2011.
Brahmāṇḍa Purāṇa, Nag Publishers, 3.8. pp. 73-86.
Bṛhadāraṇyaka Upaniṣad, pp. 3-4, (2.2)
Chattopadhyaya, Brajaduial and Kosambi (E.d), Combined Method in Indology and Other Writings, Oxford University Press, New Delhi, 2009, pp. 100-101.
Ganganath Jha. Manusmṛti, (Tr). Motilal Banarsidass, Delhi, p. 119.
Keith. Vedic index of Names and Subjects, Motilal Banarsidass, Delhi, 2007.
Mitchiner E.John, Traditions of the Seven Ṛṣis, Motilal Banarsidass Publishers, Delhi, 1982.
Mitchner E. Jone, Tradition of the Seven Ṛṣis, Motilal Banarsidass Publisers, Delhi, 1982, p. 45
Nagasaransing (E.d), Atharvaveda Saṃhitā, Nag Publishers, Delhi, 2011.
Nagasaransing. (E.d), Brahmāṇḍa Puāṇa, Nag Publishers, Delhi, 1973.
Nagasaransing (E.d), Vāyupurāṇa, Nag Publishers, Delhi, 1983.
Pargiter E.F, Ṛṣis the Divine Seers, Indigo Books and Cosmo Publications, Delhi, 2003.
Pramod Bala Misra (E.d), Mānava śrautasūtra, Nag Publishers, Delhi, 2003.
Pushpendra Kumar, Socialism in the Vedic Literature, Eastern Book Linkers, Delhi, 2004.
Raja Radhakānta Deva, Śabdakal padruma, Nag Publishers, Delhi, 1987.
Rengarajan T, Dictionary of Vedas, Eastern Book Linkers, Delhi, 2004.
Shrikan G Talagiri. The Ṛgveda: A Historical Analysis. Aditya Prakasan, New Delhi, 2000, pp. 148-154.
To cite this article
Mithuna, A. (2019). Concept of Ṛsis and Ṛsikulas in Vedic Literature. John Foundation Journal of EduSpark, 1(4), 53-61.