CHILD SEXUAL ABUSE ON SCREEN: A SEMIOTIC ANALYSIS OF SELECT MALAYALAM FILMS
December 31, 2021

AWARENESS ON ABUSE AGAINST WOMEN – A SURVEY

*Anjali Sukumar Varma, & **Neelima Ranjith

*Post-graduate Student, Research & Post Graduate Department of Psychology, Union Christian College, Aluva, Kerala, Inda.

**Assistant Professor, Research & Post Graduate Department of Psychology, Union Christian College, Aluva, Kerala, Inda.

Abstract


The study aims to explore the awareness on four types of abuse, Physical, Sexual, Verbal and Economic, among people between the ages 20-60 years, with diverse educational qualifications, and Socio-economic status. Abuse involves interactions in cruel, violent, demeaning, or invasive manner. Survey method was adopted, with 823 participants. Analysis included estimating the frequency and percentage of people having high, moderate and low awareness across the different dimensions of abuse. 65.5%, 65.5%, 52.6%, 67.6% of participants had awareness on physical, sexual, verbal and economic abuse respectively. The awareness on the four types of abuse is considerably low among those having low educational qualification, and those belonging to a rural background. Higher level of awareness was also seen in people from upper class and middle class, compared to people from lower class. There was higher percentage of people having low awareness on economic abuse (2.2%), when compared to those in other types of abuse. The percentage of people having awareness was the least for verbal abuse (52%), compared to physical (64%), and sexual (65.5%) forms of abuse.

Keywords


awareness, physical abuse, sexual abuse, verbal/emotional abuse, economic/ financial abuse.

 

References


Bohra, N., Sharma, I., Srivastava, S., Bhatia, M. S., Chaudhuri, U., Parial, S., Sharma, A., & Kataria, D. (2015). Violence against women. Indian journal of psychiatry, 57(Suppl2), S333–S338. https://doi.org/10.4103/00195545.161500

International Institute for Population Sciences (IIPS) & ICF. (2017) National Family Health Survey (NHFS-4).

Kershner, M., Long, D., & Anderson, J. E. (1998). Abuse Against Women in Rural Minnesota. Public Health Nursing, 15(6), 422–431. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1525-1446.1998.tb00369.x

Panchanadeswaran, S., & Koverola, C. (2005). The Voices of Battered Women in India. Violence Against Women, 11(6), 736–758. https://doi.org/10.1177/1077801205276088

Ramiro, L. S., Hassan, F., & Peedicayil, A. (2004). Risk markers of severe psychological violence against women: a WorldSAFE multi-country study. Injury Control and Safety Promotion, 11(2), 131–137. https://doi.org/10.1080/15660970412331292360

Sharma, B. (2005). Social etiology of violence against women in India. The Social Science  Journal, 42(3), 375-389. doi:10.1016/j.soscij.2005.06.009

Sharma, I., Srivastava, S., Bhatia, M., Chaudhuri, U., Parial, S., Sharma, A., Kataria, D., & Bohra, N. (2015). Violence against women. Indian Journal of Psychiatry, 57(6), 333. https://doi.org/10.4103/0019-5545.161500

Singh, M., Garg, S., Dash, R., Kumar, R., Jain, N., Sharma, N., & Anand, T. (2016). Study on awareness regarding gender-based violence among group D workers in public hospitals of Delhi, India: a gender perspective. International Journal of Community Medicine and Public Health, 1510–1515. https://doi.org/10.18203/23946040.ijcmph20161620

Wagner, P. J., Mongan, P. F. (1998). Validating the Concept of Abuse: Women’s Perceptions of Defining Behaviors and the Effects of Emotional Abuse on Health Indicators. Archives of Family Medicine, 7(1), 25–29. https://doi.org/10.1001/archfami.7.1.25

World Health Organization (2005). Multi-country Study on Women’s Health and Domestic  Violence against Women

Yanish, B. (1997). Theories of Abuse – Alberta Elder Abuse Awareness Council (A.E.A.A.C). Theories of Abuse. https://albertaelderabuse.ca/what-is-elder-abuse/theories-of-abuse

 

 

To cite this article


Anjali Sukumar Varma & Neelima Ranjith. (2021). Awareness on Abuse against Women – A Survey. John Foundation Journal of EduSpark, 3(4), 1-11.

To View Article