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December 31, 2020
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FAMINE AND ECONOMIC CONDITION IN ANCIENT INDIA

*Gomathi, M., &  **Esther, D.

*Research Scholar, Reg No: 17223281052016, Women’s Christian College, Nagercoil,  Affiliated to Manonmaniam Sundaranar University,  Tirunelveli, Tamilnadu, India.

**Associate Professor, Department of History, Women’s Christian College, Nagercoil, Affiliated to Manonmaniam Sundaranar University, Tirunelveli, Tamilnadu, India.

Abstract


Famine is an interrelated outcome of various socio-economic conditions.  Famine distress not only happens in the modern period.  It occurred in the ancient and medieval periods also.  During the ancient period limited records available.  There were several factors caused by famines such as physical, economic, social, agricultural, etc. Food is need for all lives.  During the natural disaster, the people were suffered severely. Famine is a lack of food over a large area.  Food supply primarily depends on agricultural output.  Inadequate community resources, deficiencies in the agricultural sector, and imbalances in social fabric had molded natural disasters into famine like situations.  Human relationship and their mutual behavior suffered due to the hardships of famines. It is the ultimate outcome of various socio-economic maladies. The early Aryans were mobile warrior tribes, who could get rid of the situations of scarcity by moving out of the depleted region. The Mauryan period witnessed quite a number of famines.  Jain traditions vary about the details of this well-preserved story of famine during the time of Chandragupta.  The bearing capacity of ancient Indian society had many weaknesses and therefore the occurrences of famines were also reported periodically in every epoch of history.

Keywords


famine, agricultural, economic

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To cite this article


Gomathi, M., &  Esther, D. (2020). Famine and Economic Condition in Ancient India. John Foundation Journal of EduSpark, 2(4), 34-43.

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