December 31, 2020


Muhammad Nawaz

Faculty of Member, Department of English, Riphah International University Faisalabad Campus, Main Satyana Road, Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan.


This study involves the process of schizoanalysis, the production of desire, and desiring machine in the play of Eugene O’Neill, Strange Interlude. Emancipation of desire from the shackles of society and capitalism is shown in it. The rhizomatic study of desire, love, and past memories is also the focus of this study with special reference to the rhizome theory of Gilles Deleuze and Felix Guattari.


schizoanalysis, desire, desiring machine, rhizomatic, rhizome theory, past memories

Works Cited

Abbott, Michael. “The Curse of the Misbegotten: The Wanton Son in the Plays of Eugene O’Neill and Sam Shepard.” The Eugene O’Neill Review, vol. 18, no. 1/2, 1994, pp. 193–198. JSTOR,

Adkins, Brent. Death and Desire in Hegel, Heidegger and Deleuze, Edinburgh University Press, 2007.

Bloom, Harold. “Into the Living Labyrinth: Reflection and Aphorisms”. The Labyrinth. Edited by Blake Hobby and Harold Bloom, Infobase Publishing, 2009, pp. xv-xvii.

Bogue, Ronald. “Sigmund Freud”, Deleuze’s Philosophical Lineage, edited by Graham Jones et al., Edinburgh University Press, 2009, pp. 219-237.

Braidotti, Rosi. “The Ethics of Becoming Imperceptible”, Deleuze and Philosophy, edited by Constantin V. Boundas, Edinburgh University Press, 2006, pp.133-184.

Brennan, Teresa. History After Lacan, Routledge, 2009.

Buchanan, Ian. “Is Anti-Oedipus a May’68 Book?”, Deleuze Connection: Deleuze and History, edited by Jeffrey A. Bell and Clair Colebrook, Edinburgh University Press, 2009, pp. 206-224.

Buchanan, Ian and Adrian Parr. Introduction. Deleuze and Contemporary World, edited by Ian Buchanan and Adrian Parr, Edinburgh University, 2006, pp. 1-20.

Colebrook, Clair. Gilles Deleuze. London, Routledge, 2003.

Cooper, David. Introduction. Molecular Revolution, by Felix Guattari, Penguine Book, 1984, pp. 1-4.

Dale, Catherine. “Cruel: Antonin Artaud and Gilles Deleuze.” A Shock to Thought: Expression after Deleuze and Guattari, edited by Brian Massumi. Routledge, 2002.

Danielewski, Mark Z. House of Leaves. Pantheon Books, 2000.

Deleuze, Gilles. Negotiations: 1972-1990. Columbia University Press, 1995.

—. The Fold: Leibniz and the Baroque. Translated by Tom Conley. University of Minnesota Press, 1993.

—. “Neitzche”, Pure Immanence: Essays on A Life. Translated by Anne Boyman, Zoone Books, 2001, pp. 53-100.

Deleuze, Gilles, and Félix Guattari. Anti-Oedipus: Capitalism and Schizophrenia. Translated by Robert Hurley et al. University of Minnesota Press, 2000.

—. A Thousand Plateaus: Capitalism and Schizophrenia. Translated by Brian Massumi University of Minnesota Press, 2014.

—. Introduction. A Thousand Plateaues: Capitalism and Schizophrenia, by Deleuze and Guattari, University of Minnesota Press, 2014, pp. 3-25.

Deleuze, Gilles, and Claire Parnet. Dialogues II. Translated by Hugh Tomlinson and Barbara Habberjam, Columbia University Press, 2002.

Estroff, Suee. “Subject/Subjectivities in Dispute: The Poetics Politics and Performance of People with Schizophrenia”, Schizophrenia Culture and Subjectivities, edited by Jenis Hunter Jenkins and Robert John Barretto, Cambridge University Press, 2004, pp. 282-302.

Evans, Dylan. An Introductory Dictionary of Lacanian Psychoanalysis, Routledge, 2006.

Fergus-Jean, Elizabeth. Labyrinth: A Metaphor for Transformation,, 1996. Accessed 24 July 2018.

Foucault, Michel. Preface. Anti-Oedipus: Capitalism and Schizophrenia, by Gilles Deleuze and  Felix Guattari, University of Minnesota, 2000, pp. xi-xiv.

Freud, Sigmund. “The Unconscious and Conscious____ Reality.” The Interpretation of Dreams, Translated by James Strachey, New York, Basic Books, 2010. pp. 48, 599.

—. “The History of Psychoanalytic Movement”, Classics in the History of Psychology, translated by A. A. Brill, New York, Nervous and Mental Disease Publisher, 1917.[Freud_Sigmund]Freud__The_History_of_the_Psychoa(BookFi)/Accessed 04 July 2018.

—. “The Ego and the Id”, The Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud. Translated by J. Strachey et al., London, Hogarth Press, 1923.

Geekie, Jim and John Read. Making Sense of Madness: Contesting the Meaning of Schizophrenia, Routledge, 2009.

George, Lukacs. “Reification and the Consciousness of the Proletariat.” History and Class Consciousness: Studies in Marxist Dialects, translated by Rodney Livingstone, London, Merlin Press, 1971, pp. 83-110.

Gibeault, Alain. “Schizophrenia and Soul Murder: Psychoznzlytic Psychodrama with ‘John’,  the man ‘saddled with that/the id’”, Reading French Psychoanalysis, edited by  Dana Birksted-Breen, et al., Routledge, 2010, pp. 752-764.

Guattari, Felix. Molecular Revolution, edited by Rosemary Sheed and David Cooper, Penguine Books, 1984.

Gutenberg. “Sophie’s Choice (Novel).” Red Biotechnology/ Project Gutenberg Self-Publishing – EBooks | Read EBooksOnline,’s_Choice_(novel)?View=embedded. Accessed 23 June 2018.

Harriman, Philip Lawrence. “A New Approach to Multiple Personalities.”American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, vol. 13, no. 4, 1943, pp. 638–643., doi:10.1111/j.19390025.1943.tb06027.x.

Hartmann, Heinz. “Comments on the Psychoanalytic Theory of the Ego”, Essays on Ego Psychology, International Universities Press, 1964, pp. 113-141.

Holland, Eugene W. Deleuze and Guattari’s Anti-Oedipus: Introduction to Schizoanalysis. Routledge, 1999.

—. “Desire”, Gilles Deleuze: Key Concepts, edited by, Charles J. Stivale, McGill-Queens’s University Press, 2005, pp.53-64.

—. Baudelaire and Schizoanalysis: The Sociopoetics of Modernism, Cambridge University Press, 1993.

—. “Nizan’s Diagnosis of Existentialism and the Perversion of Death”, Deleuze and Literature, edited by Ian Buchanan and John Marks, Edinburgh University Press, 2000, pp. 251-262.

Howard, Ron, director. A Beautiful Mind. Universal Studios, 2001.

Jacobson, Edith. The Self and the Object World, International Universities Press, 1964.

Jones, Graham and Jon Roffe. “Into the Labrinth”, Deleuze’s Philosophical Lineage, edited by Grahm Jones et al., Edinburgh University Press, 2009. pp. 1-7.

Joyce, James. A Portrait of the Artist as Young Man. Oxford Paperbacks, 2008.

Jung, C. G., et al. Memories, Dreams, Reflections. Collins, 1953.

Kafka, Franz. The Trial, translated by Mike Mitchell. Oxford University Press, 2009.

—. The Trial, translated by David Wyllie, 2005. Project Gutenberg,

Kerslake, Christian. Deleuze and the Unconscious, Continuum 2007.

Klein, Melanie. “Notes on some Schizoid Mechanism”. Developments in Psychoanalysis, edited by Joan Riviere, Karnac Books, 2002, pp. 292-320.

Koerner, Michelle Renae. The Use of Literature: Gilles Deleuze’s American Rhizome. Dissert ation, Duke University, 2010.

Kohut, Heinz. The Analysis of the Self: A Systematic approach to the psychoanalytic Treatment of Narrcissistic Personality Disorder, University of Chicago Press, 1971.

Lacan, Jacques. “The Mirror Stage as Formative of the Function of the I as Revealed in Psychoanalytic Experience”, Reading French Psychoanalysis, edited by Dana Birksted-Breen, et al., Routledge, 2010, pp. 97-104.

Laing, R. D. The Divided Self: An Existential Study in Sanity and Madness, Penguin Books, 1990.

Lichtenberg, Joseph D., and Joseph William Slap. “Notes on The Concept Of Splitting And The Defense Mechanism Of The Splitting Of Representations.” Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, vol. 21, no. 4, 1973, pp. 772–787., doi:10.1177/000306517302100405.

Lustman, Jeffrey. “On Splitting.” The Psychoanalytic Study of the Child, vol. 32, no. 1, 1977,   pp. 119–154., doi:10.1080/007973 08.1977.11822336.

Mansfield, Nick. Subjectivity: Theories of the Self from Freud to Haraway. New York University Press, 2000.

Marks, John. Gilles Deleuze: Vitalism and Multiplicity. Pluto Press, 1998.

Masumi, Brian. Translator. A Thousand Plateaues: Capitalism and Schizophrenia, by Deleuze and Guattari, University of Minnesota Press, 2014, pp. ix-xv.

Matthew, W. H. “The Labyrinth in Literature”, Mazes and Labyrinth: Their History and Development, GlobGrey, 2015. eBooks book/2756318/a1d78a. Accessed 22 July 2018.

Meltzer, Donald. “The Relation of Splitting of Attention to Splitting of Self and Objects.” Contemporary Psychoanalysis, vol. 17, no. 2, 1981, pp. 232–238., doi:10.1080/00107530.1981.10745661.

Miller. J. Hillis. “Ariadne’s Thread: Repetition and the Narrative Line”, Critical Inquiry, vol.3, no. 1, 1976, pp. 57-77.

Muhlstock, Rae Leigh. “Literature in the Labyrinth: Classical Myth and Postmodern Multicursal Fiction.”, ProQuest, 2014, pp. 1–184.

Nietzsche, Friedrich, “On the Uses and Disadvantages of History for Life.” Friedrich

Nietzsche: Untimely Meditations. Translated by R. J. Hollingdale, pp.57–124. doi:10.1017/cbo97 80511812101.007.

Peretti, Jonah. “Capitalism and Schizophrenia: Contemporary Visual Culture and the Acceleration of Identity Formation/Dissolution.”Negations, I(1)(1996).

Privateer, Paul. “Contemporary Literary Theory: A Thread Through the Labyrinth.” Pacific Coast Philology, vol. 18, no. 1/2, 1983, pp. 92–99. JSTOR,

Rabson, Grace Rubin, translator. The Autobiography of a Schizophrenic Girl, New York, New American Library, 1970.

Ricoeur, Paul. Freud and Philosophy: An Essay on Interpretation. Translated by Denis Savage, Yale University Press, 1970.

Ritvo, Samuel. “Kafka’s ‘Letter to His Father’ and ‘The Judgment.’” The Psychoanalytic Study of the Child, vol. 62, no. 1, 2007, pp.317–328., doi:10.1080/007 97308.2007.11800794.

Roberts, Marc. “Capitalism, Psychiatry, and Schizophrenia: A Critical Introduction to Deleuze and Guattari’s Anti-Oedipus.” Nursing Philosophy, vol. 8, no. 2, 2007, pp. 114-127., 2007.00306.x

Sass, Louis A. Madness and Modernism: Insanity in the Light of Moder Art, Literature, and  Thought. HarperCollins Publisher, 1982.

“Schizophrenia.” Merriam-Webster. com. Merriam-Webster, Web. Accessed 15 June 2018.

Seem, Mark. Introduction. A Thousand Plateaus: Capitalism and Schizophrenia, by Gilles Deleuze and Felix Guattari, University of Minnesota Press, 2000, pp. xv-xxiv.

Sermijn, Jasmina, et al. “The Narrative Construction of the Self: Selfhood as a Rhizomatic Story.” Qualitative Inquiry, vol. 14, no. 4, June 2008, pp. 632-650. Sage Publication.doi:10.1177/1077800408314356.

Silver, Ann-Louise S. “American Psychoanalysts Who Influenced Eugene O’Neill’s Long Day’s Journey into Night.” Journal of the American Academy of Psychoanalysis, vol. 29, no. 2, 2001, pp. 305–318., doi:10.1521/jaap.29.2.305.17267.

Smith, Daniel and John Protevi. “Gilles Deleuze”, The Standford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, 2018, Accessed 24 July 2018.

“Sophie’s Choice.” Open Road Media, 2014. Accessed 23 June 2018.

Stivale, Charles J. “Gilles Deleuze & Felix Guattari: Schizoanalysis & Literary  Discourse.” SubStance, vol. 9, no. 4, 1980, pp. 46-57. University of Wisconsin Press, 3684040

—, editor. Gilles Deleuze: Key Concepts. McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2005.

Strachey, James. “Splitting of the Ego in the Defensive Process”, The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud, edited by James Strachey, et al., The Hogarth Press, 1965, pp. 271-278.

Styron, William. Sophie’s choice. Random House, 2004.

Surin, Kenneth. “Force”, Gilles Deleuze: Key Concepts, edited by Charles J. Stivale, McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2005, pp. 19-30.

Traunt, Jhonny. Introduction. House of Leaves, by Mark Z. Danielewski, Pantheon Books,  2000, pp. XI-XXV.

Villani, Amaud. “Why Am I Deleuzian.” Deleuze and Philosophy, edited by Constantin V. Boundas, Edinburgh University Press, 2006.

Wilson, Robert Rawdon. “Godgames and Labyrinths: The Logic of Entrapment.” Mosaic: A Journal for the Interdisciplinary Study of Literature, vol. 15, no. 4, 1982, pp. 1–22. JSTOR, JSTOR,

Wundt, Wilhelm Max. “Interconnection of Psychical Compound”, Outlines of Psychology, translated by Charles Hubbard Judd, Leibzig, Wilhelm Engelmann, 1897, pp. 208-09.

Zizek, Salvoj. Organs Without Bodies: Deleuze and Consequences, Routledge, 2004.


To cite this article

Muhammad Nawaz. (2020). A Schizoanlytic Study of Eugene O’Neill, Strange Interlude. John Foundation Journal of EduSpark, 2(4), 1-27.

To View Article

Social media & sharing icons powered by UltimatelySocial